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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Leagues, Tournaments and Competitions

P. 258-272.

The aim of the present chapter is to deliver an overview of professional football leagues, tournaments, and competitions. The first section is related to geographical issues, as professional football tournaments are usually organised taking into account geographical levels, like domestic (i.e., regional, national, etc.) and international (i.e., continental and world level) perspectives. Then, the most common competitive designs are explained – such as round robin and knockout championships – in the second section. The third section explains some of the main constraints of football scheduling such as breaks, travel distances, and carry-over effects. The fourth section describes scheduling optimisations, giving some real examples and their achievements. The last section is dedicated to the changes that professional football leagues have been making, finishing with some concluding remarks.

In book

Chadwick S., Parnell D., Widdop P. et al. L.: Routledge, 2019.