Эволюционная модель С.П. Курдюмова как методологический инструмент научного поиска
The content of the model of evolution of complex systems developed by Sergey P. Kurdyumov is under consideration in the article. Some key ideas, which were put forward by him, constitute nowadays a foundation for development of a methodology for studying complex self-developing systems of different nature. The model is based on four concepts: the relationship of space and time, complexity and its nature, nonlinearity, blow-up regimes. Self-organization and rapid, avalanche-like growth of complexity, evolutionary cycles and regimes switching occur as a necessary mechanism for maintaining “life” of complex structures. The methodology allows us to understand the nonlinear dynamics of evolutionary processes in systems of very different nature and to show the possibility of controlling them and creating the desired futures. Special attention is paid to considering possible applications of this model for understanding the dynamics of complex social, demographic and geopolitical systems.