Renewable Energy Technological Potential Assessment for Evidence-Based Policy-Making
The chapter describes the current position of renewables in the Russian energy sector in terms of capacities, the place of renewables in the energy mix, and the latest developments in the sector. Further, social and economic preconditions and effects (gains) stemming from a faster development and deployment of renewable energy in Russia are identified, including reliability of power supply and the cost of heat and power in different regions of the country, energy supply as a contribution to the quality of life, as well as negative impacts on environment and people’s health and conservation of fossil fuels. The authors offer a methodology for the assessment of the wind energy and solar PV technical potential, as well as actual calculations of various types of renewables technical potential in the Russian Federation. Finally, policy, social, and research implications of the findings are listed.