Удовлетворенность браком супругов, ожидающих первого ребенка
The paper presents the results of the empirical study aimed at investigating of gender differences in marital satisfaction in families expecting their first child in connection with the structural characteristics of family systems. It is shown that the main risk factors for spouses’ relations and their marital satisfaction at this stage are an increase in the emotional distance between spouses, generated by the women’s focus on themselves, by their diversion from the issues of interaction with their family external environment, by delegation all decisions in this area to men. Men in this period are less satisfied with their marriage than women. Women do not so much experience a high level of satisfaction with emotional relationships, but tend to rationally assess their family life as satisfying; in this period women have fewer expectations for the spouses’ relationships characteristics.