From Ecosystem Services to Ecological Solidarity
We undertake a study of how much an economic valuation of ecosystems is encouraged and imposed in and through a broader mainstream neo-classical economics vision of nature and biodiversity. This study aims at answering the following central question: how the interests of nature could be (re-)thought and represented beyond the economic valuation of ecosystems, if at all?
We set the stage with an overview of key conceptual elements of the above interface. We continue with the analysis of the discourse, politics and principle of ecosystem services and potential effects of that concept in theory and practice of law; as well as of possible ways of contestation and resistance that include the ecological solidarity – a principle that emerged in French law theory and practice. Drawing on lines of ecological solidarity, we close the chapter with a discussion on a further possibility of just relationship between humans and other species and ecosystems as a viable alternative to monetary valuation and contiguous exploitation of ecosystems by humans. Lastly, we offer our concluding remarks.