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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

New approach to OLD studies

A standard typological description of grammatical markers is based on 200 – 400 genetically remote languages. This is a forced restriction, since the number of human languages is much greater. A lot of valuable information is missed out and discovered typological features look overgenerelized and less precise than they should be if the data from all languages could be considered. However, in spite of restrictions, samples of grammatical typology still stand in stark contrast to the average number of languages which can be covered by a standard study in the frame-based lexical typology approach. Lexical typology  is time-consuming so the language sample is considerably fewer than in the regular typological research. The main goal of the paper is to present a dictionary-based typological analysis of a semantic domain for a sample of 78 genetically different languages. The semantic domain chosen for the present study is OLD – it is comparatively small, mostly represented with direct meanings, its structure has been described both theoretically and in bilingual dictionaries.

 

In book

Edited by: E. V. Rakhilina, T. Reznikova. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2019.