Социально ориентированное историописание и историческая наука: конфликт – сотрудничество – разрыв
The article compares the well-known socially-oriented interpretations of the phenomenon of memory with the most interesting new elaborations by Russian scholars in philosophy, psychology, linguistics, and cultural studies. It is shown that the conceptualisations of memory aiming to overcome the dichotomy of individual and super-individual discover the path to synthesis in history.
The mutual understanding in the evaluation of common past, reached recently by Russian and Polish historians, doesn't yet properly reflect in the practice of school teaching. Hence the importance of the bilateral project aimed at the preparation of training aids for school teachers, which started in summer 2013. An interest in the history of Russian-Polish relations formed at secondary school will ensure an inflow of students to relevant departments of universities, including those which work under international double degree programs. Contemporary Russian-Polish relations have a great capacity of development and need young professionals.
The paper analyses the radical transformations that took place in the theoretical foundations, methodology and conceptual models of historical science at the border of the XX - XXI centuries. The changes in research strategies of recent historiography are considered as an outcome of the fruitful interaction of different disciplines in the common space of social sciences and humanities. The author estimates the cognitive potential of new theoretical models aiming to restore the integrity of historical vision of the past.