"Три взгляда на перспективу homo immortalis"
The collection includes some articles is based on the First All-Russian Conference, Global Future 2045, held in Belgorod University in 2013. The problems of of the current crisis and discusses anthropological scenarios of the development of civilization was held and description.
The article is devoted by discussion some problems of Hhumah Studies. This discussion was held in Belgorod State University
In the first book of Tusculanae Disputationes Cicero examines in a form of a dialogue between two unknown persons different attitudes towards the death. A considerable part of the dialogue is devoted to the study and the refutation of the belief that human souls after death do not have any form of existence. Cicero suggests his own interpretation of the Platonic theory of a soul. He proves that the death could be a blessing for a human being and that the soul is immortal. He also speaks about the celestial ascent of the soul. Apparently, these beliefs were based on the Platonic version of Stoicism provided by Posidonius. Cicero tries to produce a convincing evidence of the immortality of the soul, basing on the philosophical positions, but not religious. The authority of philosophy remains one of the main arguments for him.
The paper discusses the technical and humanitarian aspects of the thesis of transhumanism about the possibility of copying the mind to a medium and rewriting it repeatedly (digital immortality). It is argued that the nature of the mind implies that it cannot be supported without its functioning, even if recorded, and such functioning (digital life) would inevitably lead to a discrepancy between the copy and the original. The paper further substantiates that the very fact of making such record seems highly unlikely due to the physical restrictions of the world, as well as to the effects of the following natural tendency: technologies would develop not in the direction of the 'copyableness' of the evolving human consciousness, but in the opposite direction of the increasing impossibility of copying the even more complicated mind (i.e. complexity growing faster than the means of precise copying).
Transhumanism is the brand-new term, which appears only in the beginning of the 21st century. The adherents of this term consider further development of humanity in a close contact with nanotechnology. People were always interested in how to improve the quality of life and prolong it. Medieval alchemists didn’t find the philosopher’s stone, the Holy Grail is still a legend. The Third Reich scientist’s experiments influenced in the development of medicine, but didn’t reveal the secret of immortality. In the 21st century scientists came more than ever closer to the creation of perfect man with the help of nanotechnology. How do philosophers consider this breakthrough in philosophy of technics?