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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Beacons in dense Wi-Fi networks: How to befriend with neighbors in the 5G world?

Bankov D., Khorov E., Lyakhov A.
To address 5G challenges, IEEE 802.11 is currently developing new amendments to the Wi-Fi standard, the most promising of which is 802.11ax. A key scenario considered by the developers of this amendment is dense and overlapped networks typically present in residential buildings, offices, airports, stadiums, and other places of a modern city. Being crucial for Wi-Fi hotspots, the hidden station problem becomes even more challenging for dense and overlapped networks, where even access points (APs) can be hidden. In this case, user stations can experience continuous collisions of beacons sent by different APs, which can cause disassociation and break Internet access. In this paper, we show that beacon collisions are rather typical for residential networks and may lead to unexpected and irreproducible malfunction. We investigate how often beacon collisions occur, and describe a number of mechanisms which can be used to avoid beacon collisions in dense deployment. Specifically, we pay much attention to those mechanisms which are currently under consideration of the IEEE 802.11ax group.