In searching of spirit of place The term „the spirit of place“ seems to be an old and romantic one, one which is almost impossible to grasp in scientific manner. It is very confounding that this term is used in various academical contexts – from geography to architecture and even musicology... In the milieu of Lithuanian humanities despite some mentions in the texts of theater critics (R. Mazeikiene) and literaturology(V. Daujotyte) the phenomenon of genius loci (the spirit of place) so far was studied more in detail only by art critics, in the publishing “The space of Europe: the latest news about genius loci" (ed by E. Lubytė, R. Mikšionienė, LDM, 2004). However, the changes of the places and cities inspired by modernization and industrialization resulted that this phenomenon became the focus of the contemporary heritage conservation. In 2008 ICOMOS of Canada adopted "Quebec Declaration on the preservation of the spirit of place”, and in 2012 the main topic of European Heritage Days in Lithuania was the search of local spirit. This volume of scientific articles reflects efforts to look at the genius loci in more comprehensive and detailed way, to reveal philosophical, anthropological and sociological meanings of this phenomenon and its practical dispersion in Lithuania and abroad on the basis of theoretical- methodological approaches of such disciplines as archeology, museology, art history, heritage protection, sociology and others. The project involves the team of culture researchers which is interdisciplinary (historians, art historians, archeologists, museologists, literaturologists...) and partly international (besides Lithuanians the project involves German and Belarusian historians). Diverse, different academic-existential baggage and specific theoretical-methodological approaches will allow to study this complex, not easily measurable and ambiguously interpreted phenomenon from the different perspectives and more in detail. It is expected that this publication will highlight problematic and discordant, historical and mental aspects of “the spirit of place" in Lithuania and abroad, which will lead to a better understanding of the phenomenon as such and also will help to introduce it into contemporary general heritage protection and cultural policy context.
This collection of articles is devoted to the problems of philology, culture, philosophy and other humanitarian sciences which are of special interest now days.
The author examines the delicate relationship between such phenomena as philosophy and popular culture. After formulating three attitudes of philosophers working with popular culture (left-critical, right-critical and left-objectivistic), the author proposes the term «crossroad» to show at what point of evolution of philosophy of culture and social theory during the XXth century converged popular culture and philosophy. This «crossroad» turned out to be post-modernism in such representation in which the American Marxist philosopher Fredric Jame-son began to talk about. Postmodernism before Jameson was understood as a trend in art, and only Jameson came up with the idea to extend it to the entire culture that dissolved in during the 1970s in the economy. It was Jameson who first stated the thesis that nowadays high and popular culture represent a single space. Briefly describing Jameson's approach, the author shows what this synthesis of postmodern philosophy and popular culture has led to. Recog-nizing popular culture as legitimate, and its then state as «postmodern», social philosophers began to develop the idea of expansion of culture into the social sphere, however, not in everything agreeing with Jameson. The author emphasizes the idea that the beginning of the XXI century was marked by a surge of philosophical interest in popular culture.
The article addresses the views of G. Shpet, L. Vygotsky, M. Bakhtin andothers on art's influence on one's personality andcognitive andaffective spheres. They hadtheir own understanding of the whole issue andof catharsis in particular. The authors focuses on the analysis of inner andouter forms of works of art andassumes that, if reached, the inner form has the strongest influence on man: it enriches andbroadens one's own inner form of active contemplator of work of art.
Art, cultural consciousness, cultural-historical psychology, inner andouter form, Perception, Understanding, catharsis
The volume is organized into three main sections: "Art and Culture", "History" and "Language and Literature". Several authors address various aspects of Spanish-Russian relations: historical, political and cultural contacts at various times, the image of Russia in Spain, influences of Russian writers in Spanish literature, etc. In the field of painting, there are studies focusing on the great Spanish authors: El Greco, Ribera, Murillo, Goya, and Picasso. There are studies which are focused on other arts such as architecture and sculpture work. History issues cover topics and times, as the Christian Church in the time of the Muslim conquest, the Crown of Aragon in the 14th century, the Spanish Monarchy, and the Inquisition. Several studies deal with the works of Spanish literature.
This paper discusses the legacy of Nikolai Antsiferov (1889–1958), a Russian historian who suggested a unique approach to urban studies in which literature played the key role. In the first section of this paper, the genesis of Antsiferov‘s conceptions of the study of urban history and the image of the city are outlined. The second section provides an analysis of his ideas on the literary image of St. Petersburg and the theory of literary-themed guided tours, which were articulated in his works of the 1920s. The finalsection of the article sheds light on the reception and legacy of Antsiferov‘s intellectual ideas in the modern humanities and assesses its significance in the modern context of interdisciplinarity.
Various points of view on the boundaries of art. Argues the position that the work of art must get social recognition as such. General rule - a work of art is the result of a non-zero creativity.