Квантовые осцилляции модуля параметра порядка в квазиодномерных сверхпроводниках
The study of frequency-dependent intrinsic dissipation in a highly transparent Josephson junction by means of quantum-bit (qubit) spectroscopy is proposed. The spectral density of the effective dissipative bath may contain significant contributions from Andreev bound states coupled to fluctuations of the Josephson phase. Varying either the bias current applied to the junction or magnetic flux through a superconducting ring in the radiofrequency superconducting quantum interference device (rf-SQUID) setup, one can tune the level splitting value close to the bottom of the Josephson potential well. Monitoring the qubit energy relaxation time one can probe the spectral density of the effective dissipative bath and unambiguously identify the contribution emerging from Andreev levels.
Volt-ampere characteristics of narrow superconducting titanum wires have been studied experimentally. The narrowest specimens measured by means of high-resistance contacts have revealed a behavior nontrivial for superconductors: the Coulomb blockade. The Coulomb gap size correlates with the frequency of quantum phase slips. The observation confirms the identity of quantum dynamics of charge in the Josephson junctions and in the quasi-one-dimensional superconducting channels in the regime of quantum fluctuations of the order parameter.
The Low Temperature Physics Conference is an international event held every three years, under the auspices of the IUPAP through its Commission C5 on Low Temperature Physics. The aim of these conferences is to exchange information and views among the members of the international scientific community in the general field of Low Temperature Physics. It is a tradition that LT offers updates on the various topics, provided by the highest representatives of the field, as well as oral and poster contributions in the different areas. As usual the conference covers five subtopics:Quantum fluids and solids Superconductivity Cryogenic techniques and applications Magnetism and quantum phase transitions Quantum transport and quantum information in condensed matter
Gothenburg is situated in the center of Scandinavia, on the Swedish West Coast, and is easily accessed by air. The city’s two universities – Chalmers University of Technology and University of Gothenburg – both have a long tradition in low temperature physics research, particularly superconductivity and quantum transport.
We analyze a trade-o between thermal activation (TA) and quantum tunneling in the problem of supercurrent decay in superconducting junctions with highly transparent barriers. In such systems -- unlike in conventional tunnel junctions -- the supercurrent decay is essentially influenced by low energy Andreev levels forming an intrinsic quantum dissipative environment for the Josephson particle. We evaluate the temperature dependent supercurrent decay rate and elucidate a variety of di erent regimes for such a decay. We demonstrate that no classical-to-quantum crossover exists in the limit of fully transparent barriers, in which case quantum tunneling always prevails over TA.
Book of abstracts
Superconducting properties of metallic nanowires can be entirely different from those of bulk superconductors because of the dominating role played by thermal and quantum fluctuations of the order parameter. For superconducting channels with diameters below ∼ 50 nm fluctuations of the phase of the complex order parameter - the phase slippage - lead to non-zero resistance below the critical temperature. Fluctuations of the modulus of the complex order parameter broaden the gap edge of the quasiparticle energy spectrum and modify the density of states. In extreme case of very narrow channels imbedded in high-impedance environment (which fix the charge and, hence, enable strong fluctuations of the quantum-conjugated variable, the phase) the superconductor can be driven to insulating state – the Coulomb blockade. We review recent experimental activities in the field demonstrating rather unusual phenomena.