The article is devoted to the activities of the Russian Government and federal executive bodies on preparation, discussion and examination of bills on preparlament stage. The authors argues that the efficiency of the federal legislative process is largely dependent on method of organization of law drafting activities of the Russian Government. The article deals with three major shortcomings of law drafting activities of the Government, dramatically reducing its efficiency: the lack of a systematic regulation, excessive complication of the procedure of bill’s preparation, the lack of normative timeframe for completion of individual stages. Particular attention is paid to identifying duplication: preparing of government bills includes 3 public examination, similar in content and form; 2 legal examination with the same subject and 2 partially overlapping examination, evaluating the impact of the bill on the business environment. The author formulated proposals for solution, based on the analysis of deficiencies.