После Столбова: трассирование границы в Ижорской земле в 1617-1618 гг
The Treaty of Stolbovo (1617) was only the first step in making peace between Sweden and Muscovy at the end of the Time of Troubles. The delimitation process ended only in August 1621. This article describes the circumstances of the first stage of delimitation in Ingria in 1617-1618 that occurred at the same time that the "Lithuanian" menace directly threatened Moscow itself. Old residents, mostly local peasants, supported both the Swedish and Russian delimitation commissions. The result of that delimitation was a clear and transparent borderline that existed for more than eighty years. © koninklijke brill nv, leiden, 2015.
The article is devoted to the city pair of Blagoveshchensk (Russia) and Heihe (People’s Republic of China), the only city pair in Russian-Chinese borderland that describes itself with the term “twin-cities”. The current contribution reconstructs the history of appearance of the twin-cities concept in Russian-Chinese agenda. On the basis of interviews and questionnaires collected in the cities in question the paper examines specificity of understanding of “twin-cities” concept and its practical execution in the Asian context. Exploring the extent to which the twin-cities relations model is applicable to Russian-Chinese border cities, the author concludes that cooperation predominantly exists in a form of bilateral annual events in various spheres (culture, education, sport, etc.) and dialog between delegations of region’s/city’s representatives, not in a form of direct people-to-people or institution-to-institution cooperation. The lack of local initiatives to cooperate (almost zero-amount of initiatives not from region’s/city’s administrations) is named as a main drawback of Blagoveshchensk and Heihe relations. While planned character of cooperation makes the calendar of joint events stable and predictable, it also keeps Russian-Chinese cooperation staying on the ritual level and prevents it to become a necessary part of everyday life.
The issue is a study of history and methods of governing Russian-Swedish Borderland in Late 17th century. I show how the Muscovite state stregthed the defence of the frontier with settling the refugees on the brder
The article describe the amount and the archive fate of “Porubezhbye Acty” collection in the Research Archives in St. Petersburg Institute for History. The collection is the remains of “the archives of the Ambassador Department,, Novgorod Goverbor’s Chamber, 17th century. The collection includes documents connected with the bordercrossing of 17th century embassies, with making the guarded borderline in 1629-1630, with foreign military recruiting in 1630s, with the conversations on the repatriation of prisoners and deserters. In 18th century the archives was discovered and taken to the Academy of Sciences but then it was forgotten and rediscovered only in 20th century
The book is a study of Russian-Swedish borderland in 17th centuryy, shaped after 1617. The main source of the research is the collection "Borderland ACts" from Research ARchive in St.Petersburg Institute for Russian History other archival collections from Russian and Swedish archives are also used in the study. The history of borderland shaping is studied in the comparative context of political and cultural history of Eastern Baltic area in 13-17th cc. Changes in infrastructure, day-to-day life and specific borderland culture are also under consideration
The book deal with the history of stydung and publishing the articles of Stolbovo Treaty 1617. Special chapter of the booj tells about the history of envoys and conversations before the Treaty was signed. The third chapter is about the providing of some Treaty articles, first of all - marking the border. The conclusion is about how the geritage of the Treaty is or was alive through contemporary historical policy and historical memory
1. Early Modern Russian-Lithuanian Borderland is good studied. Its trace is the best investigated one among the borderlines of Muscovia. The case of the Russian–Lithuanian borderline was the basis of important theoretical reconstruction (by M. Krom and also A. Frolov) in the sphere of the appearance of borders as signs of Early Modern states. In the same time the gradually annexation of border Porechje and Schuchje districts by Lithuanians in 1609 was very similar to the processes in Gomel’-Starodub borderland happened a century earlier (been studied by V. Temushev).
2. The Smolensk Chancellery Archives is one of “divided archives” like Novgorod Ockupationsarkivet and Tikhvin arkivet (other two collections from Muscovia gathered in Swedish National Archives). The Smolensk collection like the Novgorod one is the random sampling of local regular day-to-day documentation unknown in the local chancelleries of other Muscovite towns
3. The “Smolensk collection” is the day-to-day acts from the sieged (since august 1609) city but it also includes acts from the time immediately before the siege. The documents on the borderline guarding and border transfer in spring and summer 1609 are under consideration; also the documents of the first weeks after king Sigismund III coming up to Smolensk. The borderline deeds include the correspondence between Smolensk governors and border officers, acts of building the fortifications, also notes from Lithuania. The reports from the border were of syncretic character: local inhabitants immediately complained about violence from the Lithuanian authorities who had supposed them to be spies and informed the Smolensk authorities about Lithuanian troops moving.
4. The clashes on Velizh border started in March 1609 were not an immediate reaction of Lithuanians on the Muscovite-Swedish alliance. The documents described it like a set of border attacks ordinary for 15-17th century borderland. Mutual prosecutions in treachery proclaimed by court peasants, oath to “Velizh pan” made those peasants firstly traitors, then – “Lithuanians”. Not only brothers Gosiewskis but also Muscovite traitors Khripunovs were the initiators of that borderland war.
In 1609 in Smolensk chancellery documents new concepts appeared, characteristic for the Time of Troubles. The concepts “betray”, “deserters” belong to the image of “the own” like “the other” appeared during the Civil war of 17th century: in the discourse of acts, in political and social senses.