Organizational networks revisited: relational predictors of Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is an important management construct. Despite previous investigations in relation to social capital, the role of networks in its emergence has received only limited attention. In this paper we investigate the relationship between OCB, with data collected from supervisors evaluating their subordinates; several types of organizational networks (professional, friendship, support, supervisor-subordinate), and several other constructs (collected from the employees themselves), shown to affect OCB in the past. All data were collected at a large insurance company in Russia. Outcomes of this study have several important implications. First, the impact of networks on manifestation of OCB depends not only on the strength of network ties, but on types of network. Second, interorganizational relationships are complex and consist of several levels of mediated relationships. Results of this study can impact the theoretical understanding of OCB and have practical implications for the supervisor-subordinate relationships in the workplace.
The problem of effective management of company subsidiaries has been on the forefront of strategic management research since early mid-1980s. Recently, special attention is being paid to the effect of headquarters - subsidiary conflicts on the company performance, especially in relation to the subsidiaries’ resistance, both active and passive, to following the directives of the headquarters. A large number of theoretical approaches have been used to explain the existence of intraorganizational conflicts. For example, Strutzenberger and Ambos (2013) examined a variety of ways to conceptualize a subsidiary, from an individual up to a network level. The network conceptualization, at present, is the only approach that could allow explaining the dissimilarity of the subsidiaries’ responses to headquarters’ directives, given the same or very similar distribution of financial and other resources, administrative support from the head office to subsidiaries, and levels of subsidiary integration. This is because social relationships between different actors inside the organization, the strength of ties and the size of networks, as well as other characteristics, could be the explanatory variables that researchers have been looking for in their quest to resolve varying degrees of responsiveness of subsidiaries, and – in fact – headquarters’ approaches – to working with subsidiaries. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the variety of characteristics of networks formed between actors in headquarters and subsidiaries, and their effects on a variety of performance indicators of subsidiaries, as well as subsidiary-headquarters conflicts. Data is being collected in two waves at a major Russian company with over 200,000 employees and several subsidiaries throughout the country.
The problem of the study is link between entitativity and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). The purpose of the paper is to broad the domain of person’s psychological attachment to the organization from widely used constructs of organizational commitment and identification to perceived integrity versus entitativity. In organization settings there are two groups (or foci), which form strong person’s attachments: working group and the organization as a whole. These groups also called foci of organizational identification. Entitativity and organizational identification were measured with both foci. «The Group Entitativity Measurer» (GEM) was used to measure both foci of entitativity. Organization identification with work group was measured with A Hierarchical (Multicomponent) Model of In-Group Identification adapted to Russian sample. We suppose that strong psychological attachments to group form behavior that beneficial both for the employee and for the organization. This voluntary behavior called Organizational Citizenship Behavior. The sample is a factory workers (N = 124) mostly men from Vologda City of Russia. The perceived entitativity of the work group predicts identification with the organization as a whole (R2=0.07***) and with the working group (R2=0.18***). Significant relationships between OCB and perceived entitativity of two foci were absent. Nevertheless some forms of organizational identification predict OCB. Emotional identification with organization as a whole predicts 3% of OCB variation.
We assess whether a relationship between employment characteristics and fertility exists in the low-fertility context of Russia. Using multiple data sources (Generations and Gender Survey and the Employment and Education Survey), we study both intentions and transitions to the first and second birth. Our analysis aims to shed light on multiple stages in the reproductive life course of recent cohorts in Russia. In general, we find evidence that reconciliation of work and family roles is related to childbearing; in particular, job characteristics that are considered family-friendly are positively associated with intentions and behavior in Russia. More specifically, we find stronger relationships between job characteristics and having a second birth than the timing of entering parenthood. Although self-employment is positively related to both second parity intentions and conceptions, differences exist between other determinants of intentions and conceptions. Attitudes toward work and family roles appear to be related to fertility intentions to only a small extent and do not mediate relationships between job characteristics and intentions.
[EN] Introduction. Features of political communication in Russian-speaking segment of the Facebook network are analyzed in the article. According to researchers unlike their counterparts in the U.S. and elsewhere, Russian bloggers prefer platforms that combine features typical of blogs with features of social network services like Facebook. Objectives. The objectives were: classification of actors in the political groups in the Russian-speaking segment of Facebook and analysis of their sociolinguistic behavior. Method. The interdisciplinary analysis based on scope of politically active groups (N 200) and actors (N 291) during January – May, 2014. Results. Actors were classified by politic opinions into mainstream, oppositional and nationalist Clusters and based on network activity into designers of communication space, manipulators, graphomaniacs and local cluster authors. Their communicative and speech behavior was also analyzed and shown shaped specific virtual identities, which demonstrate distinguished sociolinguistic behavior. Discussion and Conclusion. Today the analysis of communication processes in politically active communities in the network environment is of great importance as the virtual sphere becomes more and more significant for achieve of various political aims both in Russia and around the world. The prospect of an actual study is to identify the ratio of online and off-line communication activity of actors in the political sphere in the Russian segment of Facebook.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts, AIST 2016, held in Yekaterinburg, Russia, in April 2016. The 23 full papers, 7 short papers, and 3 industrial papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 142 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on machine learning and data analysis; social networks; natural language processing; analysis of images and video.