Mapping HRM in Russia: The Results of Repeated Surveys of CEOs
This volume contains country studies of the historical development of human resource management (HRM) in seventeen different nations. The nations span all regions of the world and each chapter is written by a national expert. Primary attention is given to HRM developments in industry, but university research and teaching are also covered. Human resource management is defined broadly to include industrial relations and each chapter places the historical development of HRM in a broad political, social, and economic context.
The author of the article puts forward the hypothesis about importance of the psychological contract for the modern Russian organizations. In his opinion, the role of private mutual relations between workers and employers is essentially underestimated. At the same time the psychological contract influences imperious relations in the organizations caused by the formal rights and duties of heads and subordinates, the psychological climate and, finally, productivity of its activity. The investment approach to management of the human resources, caused by necessity to invest means in development of employees and increase in degree of their involvement into achievement of the purposes of the organization is also of great value.
The article examines the relationship between HRM-practices and “social” and “economic” effectiveness of Russian business organizations. The first part of the paper reviews international conceptual approaches to analyzing HRM-practices in context of organizational performance and relevant research results. Special attention is paid for critical analysis of research methodology. In the second part, results of empirical study in 80 Russian organizations are presented. Using multilevel data the authors conclude that during economic recession after 2008 there was positive lagged effect of HRM “bundles” of hiring, training, and assessment under the condition of existence of “positive” labour practices in organizations.
The article highlights the results of research that find out the trends in semantic interpretation the concept of mentoring. Historical review articulates the traditional concept of mentoring in Russian science and practice in the XX century. Undertake practical study with using techniques of content analysis, correlation and factor analysis clarified the modern understanding of mentoring in the field of human resource management. The result was represented by an expansive understanding of mentoring, which includes traditional and new meanings, the ways of further development of this concept.