Mapping HRM in Russia: The Results of Repeated Surveys of CEOs
This volume contains country studies of the historical development of human resource management (HRM) in seventeen different nations. The nations span all regions of the world and each chapter is written by a national expert. Primary attention is given to HRM developments in industry, but university research and teaching are also covered. Human resource management is defined broadly to include industrial relations and each chapter places the historical development of HRM in a broad political, social, and economic context.
The author of the article puts forward the hypothesis about importance of the psychological contract for the modern Russian organizations. In his opinion, the role of private mutual relations between workers and employers is essentially underestimated. At the same time the psychological contract influences imperious relations in the organizations caused by the formal rights and duties of heads and subordinates, the psychological climate and, finally, productivity of its activity. The investment approach to management of the human resources, caused by necessity to invest means in development of employees and increase in degree of their involvement into achievement of the purposes of the organization is also of great value.
The article examines the relationship between HRM-practices and “social” and “economic” effectiveness of Russian business organizations. The first part of the paper reviews international conceptual approaches to analyzing HRM-practices in context of organizational performance and relevant research results. Special attention is paid for critical analysis of research methodology. In the second part, results of empirical study in 80 Russian organizations are presented. Using multilevel data the authors conclude that during economic recession after 2008 there was positive lagged effect of HRM “bundles” of hiring, training, and assessment under the condition of existence of “positive” labour practices in organizations.
The article considers recruiting via internet as an organizational innovation in Russian companies. Using data from the survey of employers and RLMS-HSE, we measured the scale of internet-use by employers for recruiting and by employees for job-search, and the factors influencing them. In general, characteristics of employees and workplaces were matching. Amid companies, the internet use was more common in the retail sector, among privately owned and financially successful firms. The internet was more actively used by workers with higher or specialized education from big cities. Internet search complements other search channels and has become the second most popular channel after searching through relatives and friends.