Образ нового социального работника в контексте третьей профессиональной революции Г. Перкина
In this paper the author makes predict which a social worker will be in the future, how he/she will carry out their professional duties. The study is based on the theory of George Perkin.
In this issue we present a range of papers about current issues and developments in social work and welfare in Russia. In the Soviet era official state policy did not recognise the existence of social problems so social work was ‘not needed’ in the USSR, a situation which existed to varying degrees in other countries under state socialism (Iarskaia-Smirnova, 2013). The disciplines of sociology and psychology (which could form a basis for critical thinking and professional interventions) were eliminated from university curricula, except in forms which accorded with the dominant political view, and dissent was repressed. There have been major changes in political thinking, societal attitudes and welfare developments since perestroika started in 1985, and particularly since 1991 when the Soviet Union was dissolved, Russia then became open to relationships with western powers and capitalist economic thinking. However, Russia remains a considerable independent power with a distinct history and culture. In this editorial we give a brief overview of the historical and other contextual factors which are informing the particular nature and direction of current developments, some aspects of which are described in the articles.
Social Workers Affecting Social Policy is the first book to undertake a cross-national study of social worker engagement in social-policy formulation processes. At its core, it asks how social workers influence social policy in various national settings. It offers insights into social worker involvement in policy change, the social work discourse, and education in different countries. It will be of interest to social work practitioners, students, educators, and researchers, as well as to social-policy scholars.
Ein Weltatlas Soziale Arbeit weckt Assoziationen und Erwartungen an kartografische Überblicke (Spillmann 2007, S. 155ff.). Wer 2013 auf den Internetseiten von tagesschau.de herumsurft, findet ebenfalls einen Link mit dem Titel ‚Weltatlas‘. Dahinter verbirgt sich eine Weltkarte, in der sich beim Anklicken differenzierte Informationen über die Länder sowie politischen Ereignisse in den ausgewählten Regionen finden lassen. Hätten wir diesen Anspruch an den vorliegenden ‚Weltatlas Sozialer Arbeit‘, so wäre es ein unverschämtes Projekt; denn insgesamt liegt kein ausreichendes Wissen zur Sozialen Arbeit in den unterschiedlichen Regionen dieser „Welt“ vor, damit ein Buch diesem Anspruch – wörtlich genommen – auch nur in Ansätzen gerecht werden könnte. Die internationale und transnationale Forschung zur Sozialen Arbeit lässt entsprechend gar keine lexikalische Vermessung Sozialer Arbeit zu. Es würde immer nur ein blasses Abbild dieser Welt bleiben. Dennoch haben wir uns für diesen Titel entschieden und dies aus zweierlei Gründen: Zunächst sehen wir den Titel als Aufruf, sich stärker auch in der hiesigen Forschung mit internationalen und transnationalen Zugängen in der Sozialen Arbeit auseinanderzusetzen. Darum haben wir uns nicht gescheut, in der Mehrzahl Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler anzusprechen, die in der deutschsprachigen Forschung in den vergangenen Jahren zu ausgewählten Zugängen Sozialer Arbeit zu unterschiedlichen Regionen oder in transnationalen sowie internationalen Perspektiven geforscht haben. Wir haben aber auch den Begriff ‚Weltatlas‘ gewählt, um den Leserinnen und Lesern zu zeigen, wie und dass gegenwärtig in „unseren“ sozialpädagogischen Welten Zugänge der Sozialen Arbeit diskursiv zusammen mit Verortungen in unterschiedliche Weltregionen hergestellt werden und in der Sozialen Arbeit vielfältige Grenzarbeit (Schröer/Schweppe 2013) geleistet wird.
In this chapter we aim to examine the discourses created and reproduced through the interaction between single mothers and representatives of social services. The analysis is based on twenty-six interviews with single mothers and six interviews with social workers conducted in 2001–2003, and six interviews with single mothers and three with social workers conducted in 2006 in the Saratov region in Russia, as well as official documents and the publications of other researchers. In our interviews with mothers, we focused on the issues of familial well-being and interactions with social services, while social workers were asked to discuss their experiences with clients. A short overview of statistics and social policy terminology prefaces a discussion of how mother-headed families and state social policy interrelate and affect each other. The subsequent sections contain analysis of the interviews with single mothers who, as the heads of low-income households, interact with the social service system. The analysis demonstrates that single mothers are frustrated by inadequate assistance and the impossibility of improving their life situations. The discussion goes on to show that social workers, who are used to interpreting complex issues in the life situations of single mothers as individual psychological peculiarities, tend to blame the victim, thus ignoring important social conditions and imposing on women a responsibility for problems that are societal in origin.
Social Work in a Global Context: Issues and Challenges offers diverse perspectives on social work in a globalized context. Chapters span countries where social work has recently emerged and those with a long-established professional tradition, adding to the richness of the discussion. These carefully chosen examples demonstrate the central premise of the volume―that social work is both a global profession and one that is heavily influenced by local context. The editors of this text on social work in an international context have brought together not only informative descriptive material from a number of countries and social work specialisms but also insightful analysis and reflections. These illustrate both the differences and the similarities in the practices and concepts of social work.
The article explores occupational wage differentiation in connection with basic individual characteristics (gender, age, education, experience) of employees. The study is based on data from the large and unique cross-section wage survey which was conducted in 2005. The authors start with considering levels and composition of pay by major occupational groups and then they analyze relationships between pay and individual characteristics. At the next step, they estimate Mincerian type earnings regressions which include observed individual characteristics. The analysis confirms that at the Russian labour market there are large premiums to education and occupation.
This chapter addresses the relationship between class, family and social welfare policies by analysing the construction of the identity category of ‘unfortunate families’ in popular scientific discourses, governmental policy documents and discourses of social services, and by examining how those labelled as ‘unfortunate’ negotiate this identity conferred to them. The chapter shows that gender and class are closely intertwined in the production of this identity, as it is single mothers who are primarily categorized as ‘unfortunate’. In our analysis we draw on multiple sources of data. First, we analyse in-depth and focus group interviews with service providers and clients and participant observation data from a number of Russian cities. Second, we analyse various government documents and social advertisements, mass media materials, social policy and social work textbooks, and popular scientific texts published during the 1990s-2000s.
This chapter outlines a range of the general and the unique features of the social work’s development in the post-socialist countries of Europe and Eurasia after the dissolution of the socialist bloc. The author describes the general trends and varieties in the development of social work as a profession. Short historic background provides the reader with general picture and peculiarities of welfare policy and social work formations during socialism and under the transition. The short cases of each of the 27 countries present information concerning the role of the state and nongovernmental organizations in service provision, education and training possibilities, status of social workers. The chapter is concluded by the outline of some general trends and variations in social work development throughout the region. The chapter is based on the study of the available literature and personal communications with social work experts. Following abbreviations are used throughout the text: FSU – Former Soviet Union, CEE – Central and Eastern Europe, EU – European Union, CIS – Commonwealth of Independent States, OSI – Open Society Institute.