Меры антикризисного управления региональным развитием
In article models of carrying out of strategic changes in conditions of financial crisis are considered. The author offers classification of strategic changes in the organization on which basis it is possible to define management types in a crisis situation. We consider four types of strategic management in a crisis situation which are directed on value of business maintenance. The general lines of successful campaigns of overcoming of crisis: fast reaction of management, concentration on the core manufactures, bases of anti-recessionary strategy are developed in advance, and the control of position in business allied industries.
The authors analyze the nature and root causes of the software development crisis which started in the 1960s and, as some researchers argue, is still present. The crisis resulted from a number of factors, which included technological ones and human-related ones. The first group of factors originates from technical complexity, while the second one results from management complexity of the software products. Software production involves multiple sides with clearly different expectations and goals. In a crisis, efficient managing of these human-related factors becomes mission-critical. Communicational misconceptions between the sides often result in a software product which may not meet the clients’ expectations. To manage this software delivery crisis, the authors recommend an optimization strategy for the technical and human factors by means of software engineering models, methods, techniques, practices and tools. This strategy includes risk management models, agile methodologies, system-level architectural patterns, an informing process framework, and a set of knowledge transfer principles. This strategy, if applied systemically, should essentially help to optimize the software development process and to manage the crises of software production.
The book contains abstracts of papers presented at the 10th congress of the European Union for Systemics (UES2018) "A Systemic Vision of the Crises: From Optimization to Change Strategy?" which took place in Brussels, in October 15-17, 2018.