Chapter 20: Rent seeking through control of the state in Russia
In Russia, rent seeking has involved violence and control of the judiciary. State agencies that formally should protect the state have been used to extract rents through means that are in principle illegal. The end of effective political competition resulted in corruption and expansion of administratively extracted rents. The rent extraction extends throughout the layers of government bureaucracy and local and national levels of government. We provide examples in which rent extraction reaches the individual, through traffic police and a market for academic degrees.