Обзор российских патентов по радиопеленгации
Conduct analytical review of the domestic patent for radio direction-finding. A brief description of some of the patents. Formulated a number of generalizations.
in spite of the rapid development of global navigation satellite positioning systems, video surveillance and machine vision, radar and radio direction finding is widely used now, as in remote and underdeveloped areas of radar and show no automatic radio direction finders (RDF) is one of the main means of ensuring flights. Distributed radio system monitoring (RSM) consists of equipment local control point (LCP), communication channels and maintenance-free radio terminals (MRT), which, depending on the conditions of accommodation can be removed from the MRT over distances up to several hundred kilometers. Therefore, problem diagnosis and failure detection MRT and all RSM as a whole is actual. The aim is to search and study of scientific and methodical approaches of diagnosing complex distributed, multiprocessor computers and radio systems for their use in the task of creating a method and a mathematical model of the automated diagnosis of spatially distributed RSN. We consider the basic theory of diagnosing distributed radio, digital and multi-processor systems. Is a summary of selected approaches and their application with respect to the RSM. Result: Draw localization and identified conceptually the approach to certain elements distributed RSM – RDF, radar, blocks of digital data processing and control, power systems, channel-forming equipment, communication channels and so on.
The basic concepts of the theory of technical diagnostics and control of electronic devices is studied. The classification of objects, algorithms, and tools of technical diagnostics and control is desined. A new approach to the organization of the monitoring process radio-piling complex is offered and the major difficulties in its implementation is shown.
Direction finding applies to locate emitting objects. Radiopelengatsionnoy information processing equipment (AORPI) consists of a set of digital (discrete) devices. As long stops in AORPI subsystems and systems are not permitted and strictly regulated short pause, then play a special role in the diagnosis and control of the process of its operation, which are more focused on discrete devices.
For monitoring and diagnosis of complex digital and analog nodes processing equipment radiopelengatsionnoy information in the most effective solution is the automatic control system with software-changeable structure, built on a block-modular principle with the corresponding algorithms, software and hardware maintenance.
The problem of providing the testability of the direction-finding equipment position (DFEP) is considered. Structural circuits RDF systems and DFEP is presented. Enlarged and more detailed schemes of algorithms and algorithm of control joints DFEP is given.