Этнический и религиозный компоненты идентичности в поликультурных обществах: опыт социопсихолингвистического исследования
The principles of ethnic and religious self-identification, acting as the basic bases of self-identification of today's youth are explored in the article. If for a considerable part of the population of Russia the ethnic principle of self-identification is a key principle, then for the migrant people from Muslim regions such key principle is confessional one. Various principles of self-identification define a various vision of the world, which inevitably complicates communication and formation of a unified national identity. Moreover, the non-Muslim youth treats a position of the Muslim through a prism of an ethnic factor and not from the standpoint of confessional self-determination, which leads to the encapsulation of Muslim communities, mutual alienation of Muslims and non-Muslims in Russia.
To diagnose the logic of development and transformation of the principles of self-identification in the Russian youth environment the author conducted the research implemented in parallel in groups of bachelors of the first year of training and in groups of masters of the first year of training. The research included a series of stages, being limited to the scope of the article, the author highlights the first phase of the research devoted to the analysis of cognitive aspect of ethnicity through a closed questionnaire for recipients. The subsequent phases of the research are planned to diagnose affective aspects of ethnicity, and then the research will undergo religious principles of self-identification (in the same way). As the final stage of diagnostics there is a free associative experiment urged to verify the data obtained through the prism of a language picture of the world of participants.
The research was conducted in a number of universities in Moscow, the participants were selected by the method of continuous sampling on a voluntary basis. The nature of the selection of participants was defined by aspiration to localize an objective ethnoreligious structure of modern student’s groups. Parallel implementation of the research in groups of bachelors and masters allows to track the dynamics of self-identification bases under the influence of joint activities and common interests.