The authors consider the problem of direct and indirect impacts of cultural events on regional development. A wide range of impacts produced when organizing and conducting an event, as well as a significant number of stakeholders, who experience the impacts, compels integrated research approaches. To date, quantitative methods prevail in studying impacts of cultural events, especially economic ones. The paper presents the main advantages and disadvantages of the applied methods. To complement and enhance the degree of studying impacts qualitative research methods are proposed, as well as main problems that complicate the development of a consistent methodological approach to evaluate the cultural events’ impacts are identified.
The article is about formal and informal resourses used by actors in local politicsof city. The analysis is based on in depth interviews with local authorities, politicians, businessmen party activists and regional experts in two small towns of the Perm regioncities of the Perm region.
This chaper refers to the problem of low productivity and weak competitive stand of plants located in small and particulalry small specialized towns as compared to firms in bigger and more diversified locations. The findingds imply that the urban size and density of economic space, as well as its excessive sectoral specialization significantly reduce the firm competitiveness. Yet, the sectoral structure matters: textile and garmet plants in small towms are most vulnerable. Minimal diversification of economic structure and sufficient scale economy at the plant level allow to reduce the negative effects of the urban size.