Knowledge management implementation in Russian local government – impossible or not?
Modern resources-based economy transformation to knowledge-based innovative type requires originally new administrative decisions at every stage of Russian governance. In recent times various business strategies implementation in public administration practice on federal and local levels have become wide spread: management by objectives, outsourcing, benchmarking, etc. However turbulence with social and economic instability forces researchers to find ways of public administration optimization. My objective therefore is the knowledge management implementation in local government structure.
Nowadays a lot of efforts are being made in Russia to modernize public administration with the help of e-government. However, all reported goals in federal program “E-Russia” have not been achieved. If we make a brief review over the situation in Russia, we will see that nowadays we have controversial issues in the sphere of local government transformation to digital era.
To raise the local government efficiency in Russia knowledge management system for local government was worked out. In terms of public administration knowledge management is a set of processes, practices and ideas, which are collected, stored and reused in order to improve governmental effectiveness, efficiency and transparency and to reduce corruption as well.
Created knowledge management system for Russian local government consists of four main elements:
(1) "The knowledge management concept for local government bodies of the Russian Federation" − a declarative document, fixing main regulations.
(2) "Learning municipalities" − executive and administrative bodies of local government, in which civil (municipal) servants create, disseminate and preserve knowledge.
(3) "Knowledge culture" as the basis of "learning municipality", including "corporate memory", creativity, creation of the necessary conditions and the use of IT (including "e-municipality” construction).
(4) Inter-municipal cooperation, providing the connection between "learning municipalities", exchange of knowledge, best practices and experiences between them.
Implementation of separate elements of knowledge management to local government reveals the following topical matters: lack of technology/web staff, financial resources and technology/web expertise. On the basis of this investigation some profound recommendations were developed for shaping knowledge-based municipalities in Russia.