Применение онтологического инжиниринга при проектировании аналитических систем
Innovation is the realization of a creative idea being applied to an existing problem. This application may be either of a new idea or the adoption of an existing idea. As we can see some aspects of Enterprise Architecture development and other activities in large organizations may grow from supposed purely engineering tasks to real research problems. This is a soil for cooperation and co-innovation in research and development that may be of a great value for both science and industry.
The article deals with information technology, in connection with what is developing and information management. Effective planning and implementation of IT strategies today are associated with through service-oriented design based on an architectural approach.
The article deals with a through service-oriented design of integrated information-analytical systems based on architectural approach using ontological modeling framework of the Enterprise architecture. It describes the complex ontological models of the enterprise: a model of meta-ontology, model of the business environment and the ontology of strategic information systems in accordance with the scheme of an enterprise architecture framework, the ontology of strategic decision making
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.
One of the challenging issues of Enterprise Architecture (EA) in large companies is organizing processes of baseline EA development and change management under conditions of steady change that implemented and changed IT solutions introduce. The research paper describes the approach of developing and keeping relevant baseline EA description together with IT project teams using Solution Architecture models. The method is in process of implementation in one of the leading Russian oil and gas companies Surgutneftegas
The paper discusses the development of the organizational practices in a Russian university under the influence of the environment. In the latter, the key factors are legislation and regulations of the Ministry of education and science. This influence is ambiguous and varies in different aspects, so to understand combined effect one needs detailed analysis using purposebuilt tools. The paper introduces such tool based on ideas of business model canvas by Alexander Osterwalder and Yves Pigneur and organizational design theory by Henry Mintzberg. This instrument makes it possible to conduct a system analysis of the organizational design of the university, the integrity of this design and its fit to the environmental conditions. In particular, this analysis shows, how the system of restrictions and stimuli, created by the Ministry of education and science leads to the degradation of education quality in a classic university