Ключевые особенности деятельности и управления транспортных компаний России, определяющие их инвестиционную привлекательность на мировом фондовом рынке
In the era of globalization Russia as one of the dynamic development markets became attractive to foreign investors willing to get high return and ready to take high risks. The aim of this article is to examine the investment flows and changes of its volume and direction in the periods of stable economic grows and economic crises 1998 and 2008-2009 years, weather we can say that Russia is the international investment center in recent years or it suffers from great capital outflow. According to practice there are two major kinds of investments: portfolio and direct investments. The former are more speculative, the latter - more stable and lead to technology and experience spreading. Ernst & Young European Investment Monitor illustrates the tendency of turning the international investments to development markets using the criteria of the sum of investments projects with participation of foreign investor, the article examines weather it is possible to prove this fact using data of flows of portfolio and direct foreign investments in the Russian market. As that is not a secret that Russian economy is mostly dependent on oil prices, this factor is also taken into account. As a whole the author outlines short-term, medium-term and long-term signs of investment attractiveness of Russia and proves that there is much to be done to make Russia the international investment center.
The author regards the main principles of an overall method of assessing the investment attractiveness of IT-projects and underlines the diffusion of service-oriented architecture (SOA) at the moment. Among modern works taking SOA into consideration in the framework of the methodology of assessing information systems (IS) economic efficiency, he detaches the approach based on event-driven process chain (EPC) extension.
There are a number of stereotypes regarding the investment attractiveness of Russian enterprises. Local companies often do not see any development prospects in Russia and complain at the unsatisfactory local institutional environment. However, the activity of multinational corporations (MNCs) in Russia serves as a clear evidence of its potential attractiveness as one of the BRICS markets (the so called "21st century markets"). This article discusses the activities of MNCs aimed to increase market representation in Russia, as well as the reasons for such behavior.