Особенности поэтики романного творчества Нормана Мейлера 1980-х - 2000-х гг.
The article concerns the novels by Norman Mailer written in 1980-2000. It considers the main themes and problems of the works studied. Social and cultural context of the books is distinguished as one of the most significant in Mailer's controversial poetics. The writer intended both to follow and to transform traditions of literature of realism and postmodernism.
The book describes the problem of transition of different structures of literature in the austrian literature.
A. S. Nemzer points out a large series of reminiscences of folcloric and classic literary texts in Solzhenitsyn's story. Preserving the memory of Matriona (who perished but who lives in literature) is inseparately linked to a restoration of a living Russian language and Russian literature.
Recently there has been a significant amount of research in the fields of discourse and genre. However, a more complete description of the genre peculiarities of political discourse is needed, which is why in this article one more genre of political discourse is singled out – the genre of president’s victory speech.
The functional description of inaugural addresses made by Sheygal E.I. serves as a basis of the description in question. The comparative analysis of two genres – the inaugural address and the victory speech – is carried out. It has turned out that both genres are similar in the following functions: integrative, inspirative and performative. In addition, the list of the shared functions can be extended by an interdiscursive function, which consists in implicit and explicit referring to predecessors’ discourses and in appealing to common knowledge shared by the author and the audience.
Nevertheless, a number of differences between two genres in question can be seen. For example, following the Sheygal’s ideas, inaugural addresses also fulfill a declarative function as they contain a considerable amount of didactic information. In contrast, victory speeches are characterized by a more significant degree of expressivity, which gives decisive influence on stylistic characteristic of words. That is why one can single out the expressive function of victory speeches.
The overview on the functions of victory speeches and inaugural addresses is supported by examples taken from Barack Obama’s discourse.
The poem “Мне выпало счастье быть русским поэтом…” (1981) was first published in the book Voices Beyond the Hills, where it concluded a mini-cycle of four octets: “Год рождения не выбирают…” (1978), “Я слышал то, что слышать мог…” (1981), “Да, мне повезло в этом мире…” (1982), and “Мне выпало счастье быть русским поэтом…” (Самойлов 1985: 69-71); cf. (Самойлов 2006: 256, 305, 311, 301). Although Samoilov did not give an overall title to these texts as a group, they undoubtedly form a conceptual unity. In addition to the texts’ common themes (a summarization of life events), confessional tones, and equal lengths (the octet is the most common form in Voices Beyond the Hills: 36 out of 131 poems, about 27.5%), their graphical treatment is of note.
The article deals with the reception of the French poet Francis Jamme's verse in the early Mayakovsky's poetry. It reveals the significance of the dialogue between the two poets for the construction of Mayakovsky's poetical world.