Russia and UK: Studying the Problem of Energy Efficiency in Household Sector
Energy efficiency in household sector has recently become an issue of pressing topicality according to the latest studies and reviews in this domain. The issue can be found in numerous publications of the renowned scientists of the past and nowadays it is still receiving a wide support. There are a number of circumstances connected with the emergence of this phenomenon. Firstly, energy consumption of households in Russia and UK is constantly growing. This is true for many other sectors in both countries as well as worldwide. The Statistical Review of World Energy released by British Petroleum in June 2013 states that global consumption of primary energy grew by 60% over the last 25 years and the growth is continuing. It is expected that by 2035 global consumption will grow by 41%. Secondly, energy strategies of both countries call switching to the path of innovative and energy-efficient development one of the main objectives of household sector development. The paper intends to draw attention towards the energy efficiency issue. The paper observes existing energy efficiency problems in household sector in Russia and United Kingdom and governmental programmes that serve to address them. It also considers the peculiarities of energy efficiency programmes of these countries. The paper shows the distinctive and similar features of legislation and policies in energy efficiency area in Russia and United Kingdom. The research reveals each country’s good practices in household sector that can be adopted for another country and can contribute to sector development.