Институциональная дифференциация в российском высшем образовании
The book of abstrats of 27th conference "Mathematics. Computer. Education" that was held in Dubna, Russia in January 27 - February 1, 2020. MCE conferences have a wide range of topics and goal at the consolidation of the work of scientists and education workers, saving russian scientific and educational traditions, qualifying of scientific and educational personnel in the field of mathematical modeling and information technologies, and attracting young people into science and education.
This paper proposes a new method for estimating the effect of education on an employee’s wage: with the help of the generalized Heckman model with switching. Application of this method makes it possible to avoid the selection bias due to the endogenous accounting for nonrandom consideration of individuals both as employed and having higher education. This model makes it possible to estimate whether it is worth- while for an individual to get a higher education in terms of changes in their expected income. Analysis of the distribution of the effect of the education level on wages among employees makes it possible to evaluate the efficiency of the higher education system in providing the population with skills and competencies that are significant in the labor market.
Various aspects of realization of the right of the Jewish population of the Russian Empire on access to the higher education are considered by the authors. They trace interrelation of processes of expansion of access to the higher education and formations of institutions of Civil Society in Late Imperial Russia.
Historically, Russian art and design education has always been closest to the fine arts. It was a system that trained masters of visual, decorative, applied, and industrial arts as well as architects, teachers of fine arts, and fine arts historians. Official opinion on art education in Russia, as expressed by the consensus of the professionals in defining it as a phenomenon, is reflected in a number of encyclopedias. Various encyclopedias – by publishing houses such as Brockhaus, Efron, and Granat – have been published in Russia during different historical periods, including the “big” and “small” Soviet encyclopedias. In modern Russia, a project called the Big Soviet Encyclopedia has been launched, but because of a lack of time it has not yet been fully developed. The account in this chapter is based on the account of art history in Russia offered by the Big Soviet Encyclopedia and in other works that contain historical data about the development of educational institutions during these periods. Art education has been closely linked with the transformation of Russian artistic culture. The structure and contents of today’s art education emerged over a number of historical periods, each of which made a unique contribution based on its cultural context.
The entry provides an overview of the development of the multidiscilinary field of higher education research in Russia. In Soviet period, research on higher education has been developing along with the division of research in the country – between the Academy of Sciences, higher education institutions, and sectoral research under the corresponding ministries. However, current lack of an institutional basis for higher education research reflects the marginal role that the field plays in Russia.
Scientific collaboration is often not perfectly reciprocal. Scientifically strong countries/institutions/laboratories may help their less prominent partners with leading scholars, or finance, or other resources. What is interesting in such type of collaboration is that (1) it may be measured by bibliometrics and (2) it may shed more light on the scholarly level of both collaborating organizations themselves. In this sense measuring institutions in collaboration sometimes may tell more than attempts to assess them as stand-alone organizations. Evaluation of collaborative patterns was explained in detail, for example, by Glänzel (2001; 2003). Here we combine these methods with a new one, made available by separating ‘the best’ journals from ‘others’ on the same platform of Russian Index of Science Citation (RISC). Such sub-universes of journals from ‘different leagues’ provide additional methods to study how collaboration influences the quality of papers published by organizations.
This publication presents data of the research project “Russian Magistracy growth”, implemented by Institute of Education with the support of the Vladimir Potanin foundation. The study covers 16 regions of the Russian Federation and 19 universities. Moscow universities were not included in the study. The samples of universities were stratified by status and regions. Data also shows the dynamics of masters’ in the 2015–2019-s in Russia. The paper includes such indicators as selfassessment of the perspectives of employment, current competencies (soft skills), knowledge about the bologna process and assessment of transition into two-stage education system. The self-esteem in different types of soft skills shows that the most deficient skills are entrepreneurship and communication in a foreign language. Modern Russian postgraduate students need time to think about the strategy and a break in order to decide on which direction you need to study further and practice-oriented training programs with the ability to quick enter the labor market. The publication covers a wide research field in educational practice and will be interesting for researchers in higher education and the Bologna process.