Восприятие теории общественного мнения Ф. Тённиса американской общественной мыслью: историография вопроса
This paper examines the Cold War rhetoric in US-Russia relations by looking at the 2008 Russia-Georgia war as a major breaking point. We investigate the links between media, public opinion and foreign policy. In our content analysis of the coverage in two major USnewspapers, we find that the framing of the conflict was anti-Russia, especially in the initial stages of the conflict. In addition, our survey results demonstrate that an increase in the media exposure of US respondents increased the likelihood of blaming Russia exclusively in the conflict. This case study helps us understand how media can be powerful in constructing a certain narrative of an international conflict, which can then affect public perceptions of other countries. We believe that the negative framing of Russia in the US media has had important implications for the already-tenuous relations between the US and Russia by reviving and perpetuating the Cold War mentality for the public as well as for foreign policymakers.
This volume brings together twenty four articles by eminent historians from around Europe, presented in form of papers at the international conference on the Crimean War (1853-1856) held in Warsaw in 2007.
The experience of Western democracies shows that the study of public opinion is becoming increasingly popular within the new political economy in making important strategic decisions at the state level. The article attempts a scientific analysis of the role of public opinion in shaping social policy. The results of U.S. studies suggest that social policy in the United States not only coincides with the demands of the population, but also largely shaped by public opinion.
The article analyses the struggle of the broad public circles in the U.S. against the outbreak of the Cold War, attempts to maintain an alliance with the USSR.
In this paper we describe structural and topical properties of "ordinary" blogs versus "popular" blogs. Using the complete directory of the Russian language LiveJournal, we sample both groups and show that the main difference between them is in the volume of posting activity and of commenting feedback and in the skewedness of respective distributions. No substantial differences in topical structure obtained with the LDA algorithm are found, which suggests that ordinary bloggers do not hold specific vision of topic salience and do not set their own "grassroots" agendas.
The article deals with the changing social contract in the era of the 90s. Combined several levels of analysis: reconstruction of the era of the 90s by methods of public opinion polls and a qualitative analysis of narratives about the era of the 90s, representatives of various social groups (workers, employees / civil servants, entrepreneurs). If public opinion polls the most important events of the era, which made up the historical memory of the generation who participated in the changes of Russian society, the narratives of the 90s contain a description of the experience and reflection of social actors regarding the limits and possibilities of this era. The conceptual framework of the study describes the concept of a social contract as a balance of expectations between its performing individuals and social institutions. The social contract is operationalized as a set of action strategies that have been implemented by individuals and are the subject of their memories in the biographical interview mode. As a result of the study, a specification was made for representatives of the above-mentioned social groups of various social contracts that have undergone devaluation and changed during the 90s.