Cognitive approach to control in ill-structured situation and the problem of risks
The decision theory studying control problems for systems of various natures (technical, biological, socio-economic) has become independent science branch during last decades. The decision theory actively uses methods of mathematics, psychology and informatics. The cognitive simulation is one of the new approaches of modern decision theory. The main purpose of this chapter is forming complete idea of cognitive approach actively developed now in the control science and interdisciplinary sciences (sociology, economy, etc.), further specification of basic concepts of this approach in the control science, as well as defining a class of control problems that are advisable to be solved by the cognitive simulation (simulation on the base of cognitive map).