This book is a supplement to the basic textbook on social networks Network Measurementsin Sociology. It describes and analyzes how to build business networks at personal,corporate, and even economic sector level. It used the date from the results ofquantitative and qualitative polls conducted with the participation of the author, as welltextual data from public sources.
The incentive to study business networks in Russia has recently sharply increased. This is dictated by the interests of the public policy, the transfer of control to the regional level, the creation of horizontal links between enterprises in regional business environments. Networks allow to operationalize the concepts of social and human capital, to jointly address the social and economic relations and their influence on the development of organizations. Socio-economic interactions in Russia are traditionally based on personal confidence, and the share of unpredictable interactions is extremely high in contrast to countries with developed market economies. The network approach can be used to study both internal and external interactions in an organization.
This book is a supplement to the basic textbook on social networks “Network Measurements in Sociology”. It describes and analyzes how to build business networks at personal, corporate, and even economic sector level. It used the date from the results of quantitative and qualitative polls conducted with the participation of the author, as well textual data from public sources.
This textbook explains the modern mathematical approaches to describing discrete mathematical objects, constructing and studying applied discrete mathematical models, suiting the needs of socio-economical and socio-political life of contemporary society. The presented material is illustrated with examples from modern Russian and foreign practice. For example, estimates of influence of groups and fractions in the Russian Parliament and the Council of Ministers of EU are examined. The book is supplemented with a great number of problems and exercises with solutions and answers, as well as problems for independent solving.Addressed to higher education students in the areas of economics, business informatics, political science, public administration.
The book is designed for humanities scholars studying history and theory of university education as well as for those interested in the problems of memory and intellectual culture.
This book represents the 8th volume of results obtained from the monitoring of the status of civil society in Russia that is conducted by the Centre for Studies of Civil Society and the Nonprofit Sector (the National Research University “Higher School of Economics”) in conjunction with the leading sociological centres of Russia. The empirical base of this publication is formed from the data of All-Russian survey of population aged 18 years and older, that was based on representative sample and carried out in 83 regions of Russia in 2259 localities within the framework of expert services on the strategy of socio-economic development of Russia till 2020. The data provided characterizes engagement of Russians in volunteering, charitable donations and other social and political practices. The data describes determinants of Russians connected with responsibility for actions taken in their neighborhoods and localities and the country at large and their sense of the opportunity to exert their influence over it. This book will be of use to social and political scientists, economists, teachers and students of the social sciences and anyone, interested in the development of civil society in Russia.
From 2009 to 2017, blockchain became a technological milestone that is impossible to ignore. Market capitalization of decentralized technologies is growing sharply. People both admire and criticize blockchain, but regardless of these subjective opinions, blockchain transactions do involve substantial risks, even though these are the reverse side of its flexibility and openness which come with great opportunities. One needs to evaluate the implementation of such technology for its conformance to modern requirements in each practical case. Furthermore, legal regulation of blockchain technology would answer the demand for formal deterministic rules which could be the solution to its growth issues. This book contains detailed legal and economic expertise on the above problems.
The book is intended for legal professionals who need to minimize the risks of the digital economy, as well as everyone interested in law and innovations.