In his book, V.A. Petrovsky, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, tenured Professor at the HSE, laureate of the Golden HSE 2011 Award, and Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education, presents a model of the reflexive synthesis of general personology categories: organism – individual – self – personality – person. The author offers an original interpretation for each of these categories and introduces the reader to his original models of a logic-mathematical interpretation of human behaviour. They include the metaimplicative model of motivation of choice, the transact model of self-regulation, the impulse model of existential choice, the model of self-sufficiency, the model of hedonist, the model of ‘seven spaces of personality existence’, a Boolean model of sense semantic worlds, ‘cogito algebra’, the ‘significant others in me’ model, and others. Logic-philosophical and psychology-psychological mathematical studies conducted by the author are developed in ‘personality logics’, which combines theoretical and practice-oriented developments in personology.
The book is intended for professional psychologists, philosophers, logicians, mathematicians, and interdisciplinary researchers, as well as for students and teachers of psychology disciplines.
Based on the authentic ego-documents, the monograph reconstructs the lifeworld of a Party journalist Michail Danilkin who belonged to the first Soviet generation. The book reconstructs his genealogy, the images of post-war reality, the notions of the Soviet and anti-Soviet, the inner threats for socialism. The backbone of his picture of the world was the figure of Stalin. The book lays particular emphasis on Danilkin’s politically oriented practices which resulted in his conviction in March 1953 under section 10 of article 58 of the RSFSR Penal Code (counter-revolutionary propaganda and agitation). The authors assume that Michail Danilkin’s opinions and actions, notwithstanding their particularity, were nevertheless aligned with the mentality of Party members who worked in the system of Agitprop.
The book is designed for students and professors of humanities, as well as for all interested in the life of people under Stalin.
«Languages of Africa: an attempt at a lexicostatistical classification» has been planned as a multi-volume monograph that aims at a complete, step-by-step re-evaluation of current hypotheses on the genetic classification of most of the languages, currently or until recently spoken on the African continent. The relevance of this task goes far beyond the current needs and issues of historical linguistics. in recent decades, significant progress has been achieved in recreating the human prehistory of Africa through important discoveries and systematizations in the fields of anthropology, archaeology, and population genetics, allowing for a thorough reassessment of earlier conceptions and beliefs on the subject. At the same time, the general «standard model» for the overall classification of Africaʼs languages, introduced by Joseph Greenberg more than half a century ago, still continues to serve as the default scheme of reference for linguists and non-linguists alike — not so much due to any exceptional robustness, inherent in the principles and methods according to which it was originally constructed, but rather due to a complete lack of a well-grounded alternative. Despite a plethora of new high-quality linguistic material that has been accumulated over the past fifty years, and despite the fact that Greenbergʼs methodology of «multilateral comparison» has been harshly criticized over the same period, leading more and more specialists in the field to doubt or even completely reject most of his «macrofamily» groupings, it remains obvious that, as long as no constructive challenge is presented, Greenbergʼs «quadripartite» scheme, according to which the absolute majority of Africaʼs languages falls into one of the four macrofamilies (Khoisan, Nilo-Saharan, Niger-Kordofanian, or Afro-Asiatic), will remain in active usage — for technical and pragmatic reasons, if nothing else. The third volume in this ongoing series, following the same analytical procedure as the previous two, completes the preliminary historical survey, lexicostatistical analysis, and re-classification (as a new work-in-progress reference model) of all the low-level language groups that had earlier been included into Greenbergʼs alleged «Nilo-Saharan»macrofamily. This task, begun in Volume 2 with the analysis of the single largest building block of Nilo-Saharan (the so-called «Eastern Sudanic» family), is now rounded out with the inclusion of all the other potential constituents of Nilo-Saharan — the large Central Sudanic family (somewhat controversial in itself, since it consists of no less than six distinct members, genetic relations between which have not yet been explored to common satisfaction); the smaller Saharan, Maba, and Koman families; and such «macro-languages» and language isolates as Berta, Kunama, Gumuz, Fur, and Songhay. The survey also includes the small Krongo-Kadugli language group, spoken in the Nuba Mountains, and the small language isolate Shabo in Ethiopia, neither of which were included by Greenberg in the original Nilo- Saharan hypothesis, but both of which came to be regarded by some subsequent researchers as potential members of the macrofamily.
This book continues the encyclopedic multi-volume series “Languages of the World”, which is being prepared at the Institute of Linguistics, Russian Academy of Sciences. This is the first part of the two-volume set dealing with Semitic languages. It comprises a general survey of the Semitic language family, as well as descriptions of individual Semitic languages: Akkadian (with separate articles on Old Assyrian and Sargonic) and the Northwest Semitic languages (Ugaritic, Phoenician, Ancient and Modern Hebrew, Imperial Aramaic, Jewish Palestinian Aramaic, Classical Syriac, Classical Mandaic, Neo-Aramaic of Maalula, Turoyo, and Modern Mandaic). Also included are general surveys of Aramaic and Canaanite, as well as a summary description of Modern Northeast Aramaic. Each essay follows the typologically oriented template maintained throughout the Languages of the World series. This volume concludes with several appendices: a concise history of Northwest Semitic alphabets (with samples) and a set of maps illustrating the ancient and modern spread of the Semitic languages. This volume is intended to be both a fundamental linguistic study and a reference source. It is addressed to a wide audience of linguists from various fields, historians, cultural anthropologists, teachers and students, and anyone interested in Semitic studies.