This study guide is notable for its innovative approach to elucidating the functional unity of financial and monetary systems. It sets forth the basic theoretic principles that are mirrored and embodied in most modern models of financial and monetary markets. The guide contains many ingenious methodological and didactic guidelines (“study hall”, “calculation hall”, “stories” etc.), it is also rich with diverse illustrative material and examples from the actual situation in Russia. The block structure of the book permits omitting a number of blocks for use with study courses or in highly specialized workshops. Every chapter of the guide ends with a list of new definitions and concepts, a summary, as well as questions and review exercises.Addressed to students specializing in the Theory of Economic and collateral areas. It may be useful to a broad group of specialists and to anyone interested in financial economy.