In his book, V.A. Petrovsky, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, tenured Professor at the HSE, laureate of the Golden HSE 2011 Award, and Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education, presents a model of the reflexive synthesis of general personology categories: organism – individual – self – personality – person. The author offers an original interpretation for each of these categories and introduces the reader to his original models of a logic-mathematical interpretation of human behaviour. They include the metaimplicative model of motivation of choice, the transact model of self-regulation, the impulse model of existential choice, the model of self-sufficiency, the model of hedonist, the model of ‘seven spaces of personality existence’, a Boolean model of sense semantic worlds, ‘cogito algebra’, the ‘significant others in me’ model, and others. Logic-philosophical and psychology-psychological mathematical studies conducted by the author are developed in ‘personality logics’, which combines theoretical and practice-oriented developments in personology.
The book is intended for professional psychologists, philosophers, logicians, mathematicians, and interdisciplinary researchers, as well as for students and teachers of psychology disciplines.
Based on the authentic ego-documents, the monograph reconstructs the lifeworld of a Party journalist Michail Danilkin who belonged to the first Soviet generation. The book reconstructs his genealogy, the images of post-war reality, the notions of the Soviet and anti-Soviet, the inner threats for socialism. The backbone of his picture of the world was the figure of Stalin. The book lays particular emphasis on Danilkin’s politically oriented practices which resulted in his conviction in March 1953 under section 10 of article 58 of the RSFSR Penal Code (counter-revolutionary propaganda and agitation). The authors assume that Michail Danilkin’s opinions and actions, notwithstanding their particularity, were nevertheless aligned with the mentality of Party members who worked in the system of Agitprop.
The book is designed for students and professors of humanities, as well as for all interested in the life of people under Stalin.
In the book, the bilingual community of Mariupol (coastal Azov) Russian G reeks serves as an example on the role of the language in the process of ethnic identity. Urums, one part of the community, speak Urum language (one of the Turkic languages), whereas the native language of another part of the community is Rumei language (the G reek group of the Indo-European Family). The monograph for the first time undertakes the analysis of the identity of this group according to the constructivist approach to ethnicity, and language preservation is considered in the context of language-loyalty of this group. The analysis of the self-identity of Turkic-speaking G reeks helps better understand ethnic processes, including those in stable communities which have consistent characteristics. The study is based on the author’s field research as well as archive sources and presents a considerable amount of new data for the scientific review.
This book is intended for ethnologists, linguists, sociologists, and anyone interested in ethnic processes in the post-Soviet territories and preservation of endangered languages.
The book deals with revealing the specifics of realism as represented in the analytical philosophy of the 20th century. The problem of realism is investigated in the context of the ontological approach, which is based on an analysis of the structure of language we are using to talk about reality. It traces the evolution of ideas leading of analytic philosophers (Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Rudolf Carnap, W.V.O. Quine, P. F. Strawson, Donald Davidson, and others) about the relations between language and reality. The concepts of Michael Dummett and Hilary Putnam about the nature of the analytical realism are analyzed and compared.
The edition is for philosophers, historians of philosophy and culture, all who are interested in the development of metaphysics in the 20th century. The book may be useful for students of modern philosophy, as well experts researching key ontological and metaphysical problems of modern philosophy.
This is the first textbook of the sort published in Russia, which main purpose is to teach students special features of contemporary Mass Communication facilities of Japan.
Students of 3-4 grades are seen as its main users; simultaniously it works as a thematical reference book for anybody reading Japanese press or watching Japanese TV programmes.
Textbook’s subjects cover all main spheres of political, economical and social life in Japan, shaping sufficient comprehension of the ways of material coverage and its analysing.
Textbook may be used for practical, scientific, pedagogical, analytic and managing activities.