This study examines the opportunities of employing market mechanisms in public health sector (particularly in the systems of budgetary funding and compulsory medical insurance). Theoretical models of market in public health service are given consideration, including the different interpretations of the concept of “regulated competition”. The author works out a set of conditions for the realization of market model that would not contradict with the policy goals in health care sector. The neoclassic approach to market analysis is supplemented with the analytical apparatus of neo-institutional theory. On this basis the theoretical conceptions about the market model of health care are adjusted. Theoretical analysis is enforced by an analysis of practices of implementing market models in public healthcare abroad (in the USA, the Netherlands and the UK before all), specifically stressing the following characteristics: the “shortcomings” of insurance market; the role of consumer choice; modes of interaction between consumers and health care providers; mechanisms of sharing financial risks amongst them etc. A special place is given to the role of institutional factors of market reforms. The author analyzes in detail the existing model of mandatory medical insurance and hypothesizes the necessity of creating new institutional conditions for competition in the medical and insurance market within the system of mandatory medical insurance of the Russian Federation.
Addressed to economists, healthcare workers, as well as everyone interested in the issues of health services; it can be used as a supplementary training guide for courses in the field of public sector economy.
The overall purpose of the book is to demonstrate the importance of cyclical model for the explanation of constitutional changes. The mechanism of cyclicity is examined, as well as its manifestations at the times of radical constitutional crisis. The focus of the study is on the correlation of political and juridical parameters determining the progress of contemporary constitutional process. Legislative acts, sociological data and international literature are employed in the analysis of the international and Russian experience. The book focuses on the areas of conflicting dynamics of modern constitutional process, the theory and practice of constitutionalism in western democratic countries and in transient societies, as well as their ties with political regime, with relations between authority and property, and with social psychology stereotypes.Addressed to politicians, jurists, as well as everyone interested in the agenda of constitutional development and constitutional reforms.
The question of the impact of integrated blocs and alliances on global trade and the trading system has become an important subject of international forums and conferences, including talks at the World Trade Organization (WTO). The spectrum of agreements on regional integration associations are represented by the interaction of all forms and levels, ranging from free trade zones to monetary unions. Theory and practice of integrational cooperation on the regional level clearly shows that participation in the integrated group, particularly if its political and economic weight is comparable to modern major powers, allows the national economy to function more successfully in the global economic system. The book presents an analysis of trade policy of the European Union, which is characterized by a mix of regulatory instruments and their specific application to individual countries.
For specialists and researchers in the field of international economic relations, as well as students who study “Economy”, “Management”, “Politics”.