The case presents strategy of a medium-size Russian company involved in design, manufacturing and distribution of medical devices for haematological and microbiological laboratories. The data presented in the case should enable the students to perform an analysis of the proposed new ventures, to identify main opportunities and risks in the proposed new venture, to understand the additional demands and requirements imposed on stakeholders of the company in a new venture. The case is intended to be one of core cases in specialized courses in Business and Management in Russia Programs for oversea students or in broader courses on Competitive and Corporate strategies and Innovation Management at graduate levels (Master in management programs) or in executive programs (full-time and part-time MBA and Executive MBA). The case is designed to be used by both on-site and distance learning techniques.
The human history has evidenced various systems of hierarchy and power in different spheres of social life. The relations of hierarchy and power are relevant for every sphere as they penetrate the whole life of a society and represent a sort of framework for an individual's activity. The cultural sphere (in the wide sense of the word) is not an exception, although, of course, it has great peculiarities in the manifestation of power-hierarchical relations. The relations here are usually informal and more often connected with traditions than with norms, there are much less power structures that have the legal right for coercion. The book consists of two main parts. The papers included in the first section discuss the dynamics and potentials of newly emerging socio-cultural network structures and the ways in which they reconceptualize socio-cultural organization through innovative forms of spatial practice. The second section is dedicated to the study of new models of communication whose influence overcomes states' borders and which have a great potential and capabilities for destroying the basis and cultural values of the society.
On 26-27 June 2017, IIASA hosted a high-level consultation meeting to further discuss the second phase of the IIASA Futures Initiative “Challenges and Opportunities of Economic Integration within a wider European and Eurasian Space”. The event concentrated around one full day on the high-level stakeholder segment and one day of an expert meeting. Stakeholders and organizations interested in participating and supporting the second phase of the project were presented a brief overview of the first phase (2014-2016), plans for the second phase (2018-2022), as well as the research on-going in 2017 as fast track studies. All the discussions are based on the “Lisbon to Vladivostok” and “Greater Eurasia” common economic space concepts.
A more and more important role is played by new directions in historical research that study long-term dynamic processes and quantitative changes. This kind of history can hardly develop without the application of mathematical methods. The history is studied more and more as a system of various processes, within which one can detect waves and cycles of different lengths – from a few years to several centuries, or even millennia.
This issue is the third collective monograph in the series of History & Mathematics almanacs and it is subtitled Processes and Models of Global Dynamics. The contributions to the almanac present a qualitative and quantitative analysis of global historical, political, economic and demographic processes, as well as their mathematical models.
This issue of the almanac consists of two main sections: (I) Analyses of the World Systems and Global Processes, and (II) Models of Economic and Demographic Processes.
We hope that this issue of the almanac will be interesting and useful both for historians and mathematicians, as well as for all those dealing with various social and natural sciences.
This series is published as an outcome of the Russian-Italian conference. The series materials are intended for professors, postgraduates, and students.
The collection of articles is published results of work of Russian-Italian conference. Materials of the collection are intended for teachers of higher education institutions, graduate students, students.
The book is collected scientific papers on the accounting, finance, management and business administration in organizations. The issues of economic analysis and finance in organizations, applications of quantitative methods in economic research, modern methods of decision support, management and administration and also different aspects of innovation systems are considered.
This volume develops a pragmatic approach to the engagement of highly skilled members of the diaspora for the benefit of their countries of origin. The book is based on empirical work in middle-income economies such as those in Argentina, Mexico, and Russia, as well as in high-income countries such as South Korea, Ireland, and the United Kingdom.
This edited volume examines the relationship between economic ideas, economic policies and development institutions, analysing the cases of 11 peripheral countries in Europe, Latin America and Asia across the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
It sheds light on the obstacles that have prevented the sustained economic growth of these countries and examines the origins of national and regional approaches to development. The chapters present a fascinating insight into the ideas and visions in the different locations, with the overarching categories of economic nationalism and economic liberalism and how they have influenced development outcomes.
This book will be valuable reading for advanced students and researchers of development economics, the history of economic thought and economic history.
The given report is the result of implementation of the project that constitutes a component of a series of projects under the general title "Improving the Use of Economic Instruments and Water Sector in the Republic of Buryatia (lake Baikal basin)", implemented on the commission of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in support for water policy dialogue in the Republic of Buryatia with the EU Water Initiative. The analytical report contains the results of the analysis of the use of economic instruments of water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia. Implemented analysis resulted in the development of some conclusions and identification of some key directions for improving instruments of water resource management of the Republic of Buryatia for further elaboration within the framework of the project.
The given report contains the results of the analysis of instruments of water resources management (WRM) that exist in the international practices and the assessment of applicability of those potentially more efficient instruments in the Republic of Buryatia with the account of natural and institutional peculiarities of Buryatia and Russia on the whole.
Conclusions of implemented analysis would be used in the course of the development opf recommendations on improving instruments for water resource management in the Republic of Buryatia at the final stage of the series of OECD projects.
The report covers such issues as payment for water use (water intake), tariffs on water supply and sanitation services, tariffs for irrigation water, pollution charges and taxes, tradable permits and quotas, payment for ecosystem services, risk management and alternative instruments. It also characterises possibilities for rendering state support for water resources management and target funds.
The given analysys was implemented within the framework of OECD project "Improving the Use of Economic Instruments of Water Resource Management and Water Sector of the Republic of Buryatia (lake Baikal basin)" implemented in support for water policy dialogue in RB in cooperation with the EU Water Initiative.
The main objective of OECD project was the development of recommendations aimed at improving the use of economic and other instruments for management of water resources for ensuring sustainable development of water sector, as well as socio-economic development of the Republic of Buryatia as the whole. The project consisted of three stages that resulted in the devуlopment of specific relevant reports, included in the given series of works implemented on the commission of OECD.
Proposed recommendations rather relate to improvement of water policies while the aim of the series of projects was not the development of detailed methodologies or instructions on application of specific instruments, but identification of a main direction of policy in the field of water resource management. Such methodological guidence on application and improvement of various administrative and economic instruments would be developed later, after principal political decisions on the proposed measures are made.
For successful implementation of inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) in the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) UNIDO acts as a global forum for the establishment of relevant international standards, including on industrial statistics. In this format, UNIDO implements a regional project “Improvement of industrial statistics and development of indicators of industrial performance for policy-relevant analysis in CIS countries”. The main objective of the project is to provide methodological assistance to national statistical offices in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries in introducing international standards on industrial statistics to statistical practice and forming modern and internationally comparable statistical information to display industrial development processes. Therefore, it was necessary to assess reliability, timeliness and international comparability of official statistics of Rosstat and other national statistical offices of the CIS countries, so the analytical part is done mainly based on the official data sources. This paper is based on the intermediate results of statistical analysis of the analytical module of UNIDO project
To help countries achieve their full industrialization potential and fulfil the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and thereby improve their general welfare, UNIDO is promoting the concept of comprehensive and sustainable industrial development (ISID), which was established in the Lima Declaration adopted by UNIDO Member States on 2 December 2013. The UN General Assembly recognizes the significance of ISID as an important strategic direction for fostering global development in the future. ISID is a key instrument for achieving sustainable economic growth, the creation of quality jobs, the building of equal societies, the protection of the environment, and the active shaping of comprehensive sustainable globalization. The promotion of ISID as the key driver for successful integration of economic, social and environmental factors necessary to achieve full implementation of sustainable development by creating and improving countries’ industrial potential is the main priority of UNIDO’s current activities. To successfully implement ISID, UNIDO acts as a global forum for industrial development and the establishment of relevant international standards, including standards on industrial statistics [UNIDO, 2014; 2013a]. Accordingly, UNIDO has been implementing the regional project “Improvement of industrial statistics and development of statistical indicators for the analysis of industrial development in the CIS countries” since 2013. The project’s main objective is to provide methodological assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States’ (CIS) national statistical services in implementing international standards on industrial statistics in the statistical practice and presentation of modern, internationally comparable information for a qualitative and reliable reflection of industrial development processes. This report presents the results of the statistical analysis describing the availability, quality and measurement capabilities of official statistics in the CIS countries accumulated over the period 2005-2014.
In lieu of an introduction: This work, presented as a report at XV International April Conference of National Research University HSE, was started as a new version of the first chapter of my book published in 2002 “Russian Economy. Sources and Panorama of Market Reforms”.
The more I worked and read literature on the subject, the further I moved from the initial idea. Changes were especially significant after I read the works of E. Huntington and L. Harrison which emphasized the role of culture, which also includes institutions, in the development of the economy and society.
It happened so that I lost hope to rework the text of the mentioned book in the spirit of these ideas. It seemed appropriate to me to present the results of work in the form of this report mainly devoted to one task: understand the historical and institutional sources of the problems now faced by Russia which started its transition to the well-established European market and network economic model back in 1861. Thus, this report is focused on how Russia, unlike Europe, developed its national culture after 12th century, and how it formed the autocracy institution as a core of the political system. And how the traditions of this system influenced the development of the country again and again. It is understood that this subject attracted the attention of many researchers. Here I will mention the names of V.O. Klyuchevsky; A. Akhiezer, I. Klyamkin and I. Yakovenko; Y. Pivovarov and A. Fursov, L.S. Vasiliev, as well as R. Pipes. The key moment I would like to draw your attention to is the collision of totally different structures, though compatible under certain conditions: hierarchy of domination and submission typical of feudalism and bureaucracy, on the one hand, and the network market structure born in the Ancient Greece on the other hand. Then it revived in Europe, first in medieval cities, and then it became the basis for capitalism and democracy development in present- day understanding. This system of institutions generated industrial economy and ensured a high pace of its development. It also contributed to growing importance of science and accelerating the processes of innovations creation and realization. According to E. Machiusson and G. Clark, the scope of the world economy increased ten times in the past 200 years (1800–2003), while there was no substantial growth during the previous 3,000 years.
As I understand, Russia started transition from hierarchy to network in 1861, after the Emancipation reform. Since that time it has 5 been undergoing a painstaking process of transformation, with the Soviet experiment being its stage. It was started by people that believed in the truth of Marxist theory that adopted the collapse of market economy and its replacement by large-scale machine industry. By 1970s it became clear that Marx was mistaken: the market mechanism did not disappear, it confirmed its role in the development and globalization of the world economy. Russia managed to put an end to the Soviet experiment and puts great efforts to overcome the contradictory processes of renewal and development of the present-day market economy, as well as the retarding influence of long-standing traditions of hierarchy and despotism domination. These questions are dealt with in greater detail in the offered report.
This book provides an overview of a study that was undertaken by Independent Institute for Social Policy in 2002 under financial support from the Moscow Public Science Foundation and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) . Data generated in the course of face-to-face interviews with health care professionals in two Russian regions allows to make judgements about the prevalence of informal payments for health services made by patients at various health care institutions and units thereof. Authors argue that such payments have become a tool that patients and doctors use to adapt to realities of the transitional period. The book describes existing informal payment rules and schemes. Authors have analyzed personal and group norms regarding informal payments, as well as health professionals’ attitudes towards their legalization. Data generated by the study has been used to assess the impact of legalization of informal payments for health services in Russia
The materials of The International Scientific – Practical Conference is presented below.
The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
The data book is issued for the first time by Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge of the National Research University – Higher School of Economics (HSE ISSEK) together with Federal State Statistics Service and presents the main trends in information society development in the subjects of the Russian Federation. It contains information that characterises the sector of information and communication technologies (ICT), ICT infrastructure, and ICT usage by households and organisations. The publication contains data provided by Federal State Statistics Service and the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Media of the Russian ¬Federation. When constructing the indicators the authors used the methodology developed by HSE ISSEK, which was then harmonised with the approaches adopted by international organisations. The publication is designed for a wide range of readers interested in information society development issues, including public authorities, experts, scientific personnel, and those working with universities and businesses.
The materials of The Third International Scientific-Practical Conference is presented below. The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
Digest of Conference materials is presented in 3 parts. It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.