This new monograph provides a stimulating new take on hotly contested topics in world modernization and the globalizing economy. It begins by situating what is called the Great Divergence--the social/technological revolution that led European nations to outpace the early dominance of Asia--in historical context over centuries. This is contrasted with an equally powerful Great Convergence, the recent economic and technological expansion taking place in Third World nations and characterized by narrowing inequity among nations. They are seen here as two phases of an inevitable global process, centuries in the making, with the potential for both positive and negative results.
This sophisticated presentation examines:
Why the developing world is growing more rapidly than the developed world.How this development began occurring under the Western world's radar. How former colonies of major powers grew to drive the world's economy. Why so many Western economists have been slow to recognize the Great Convergence. The increasing risk of geopolitical instability. Why the world is likely to find itself without an absolute leader after the end of the American hegemony
A work of rare scope, Great Divergence and Great Convergence gives sociologists, global economists, demographers, and global historians a deeper understanding of the broader movement of social and economic history, combined with a long view of history as it is currently being made; it also offers some thrilling forecasts for global development in the forthcoming decades.
The main objective of the guidebook is to examine financial instruments available within the Northern Dimension area for financing projects of cross-border transport and logistics infrastructure and to develop guidelines for co-financing mechanism. The gudelines assist the members, project managers and project promoters of the Northern Dimension Partnership on Transport and Logistics in applying the financial instruments that pull together the EU and national public and private funding, and to increase the successful implementation of the projects.
The Handbook of Research on International Collaboration, Economic Development, and Sustainability in the Arctic discusses the perspectives and major challenges of the investment collaboration and development and commercial use of trade routes in the Arctic. Featuring research on topics such as agricultural production, environmental resources, and investment collaboration, this book is ideally designed for policymakers, business leaders, and environmental researchers seeking coverage on new practices and solutions in the sphere of achieving sustainability in economic exploration of the Artic region
The case presents strategy of a medium-size Russian company involved in design, manufacturing and distribution of medical devices for haematological and microbiological laboratories. The data presented in the case should enable the students to perform an analysis of the proposed new ventures, to identify main opportunities and risks in the proposed new venture, to understand the additional demands and requirements imposed on stakeholders of the company in a new venture. The case is intended to be one of core cases in specialized courses in Business and Management in Russia Programs for oversea students or in broader courses on Competitive and Corporate strategies and Innovation Management at graduate levels (Master in management programs) or in executive programs (full-time and part-time MBA and Executive MBA). The case is designed to be used by both on-site and distance learning techniques.
The human history has evidenced various systems of hierarchy and power in different spheres of social life. The relations of hierarchy and power are relevant for every sphere as they penetrate the whole life of a society and represent a sort of framework for an individual's activity. The cultural sphere (in the wide sense of the word) is not an exception, although, of course, it has great peculiarities in the manifestation of power-hierarchical relations. The relations here are usually informal and more often connected with traditions than with norms, there are much less power structures that have the legal right for coercion. The book consists of two main parts. The papers included in the first section discuss the dynamics and potentials of newly emerging socio-cultural network structures and the ways in which they reconceptualize socio-cultural organization through innovative forms of spatial practice. The second section is dedicated to the study of new models of communication whose influence overcomes states' borders and which have a great potential and capabilities for destroying the basis and cultural values of the society.
On 26-27 June 2017, IIASA hosted a high-level consultation meeting to further discuss the second phase of the IIASA Futures Initiative “Challenges and Opportunities of Economic Integration within a wider European and Eurasian Space”. The event concentrated around one full day on the high-level stakeholder segment and one day of an expert meeting. Stakeholders and organizations interested in participating and supporting the second phase of the project were presented a brief overview of the first phase (2014-2016), plans for the second phase (2018-2022), as well as the research on-going in 2017 as fast track studies. All the discussions are based on the “Lisbon to Vladivostok” and “Greater Eurasia” common economic space concepts.
A more and more important role is played by new directions in historical research that study long-term dynamic processes and quantitative changes. This kind of history can hardly develop without the application of mathematical methods. The history is studied more and more as a system of various processes, within which one can detect waves and cycles of different lengths – from a few years to several centuries, or even millennia.
This issue is the third collective monograph in the series of History & Mathematics almanacs and it is subtitled Processes and Models of Global Dynamics. The contributions to the almanac present a qualitative and quantitative analysis of global historical, political, economic and demographic processes, as well as their mathematical models.
This issue of the almanac consists of two main sections: (I) Analyses of the World Systems and Global Processes, and (II) Models of Economic and Demographic Processes.
We hope that this issue of the almanac will be interesting and useful both for historians and mathematicians, as well as for all those dealing with various social and natural sciences.
This series is published as an outcome of the Russian-Italian conference. The series materials are intended for professors, postgraduates, and students.
The collection of articles is published results of work of Russian-Italian conference. Materials of the collection are intended for teachers of higher education institutions, graduate students, students.
The book is collected scientific papers on the accounting, finance, management and business administration in organizations. The issues of economic analysis and finance in organizations, applications of quantitative methods in economic research, modern methods of decision support, management and administration and also different aspects of innovation systems are considered.
This volume develops a pragmatic approach to the engagement of highly skilled members of the diaspora for the benefit of their countries of origin. The book is based on empirical work in middle-income economies such as those in Argentina, Mexico, and Russia, as well as in high-income countries such as South Korea, Ireland, and the United Kingdom.
This edited volume examines the relationship between economic ideas, economic policies and development institutions, analysing the cases of 11 peripheral countries in Europe, Latin America and Asia across the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
It sheds light on the obstacles that have prevented the sustained economic growth of these countries and examines the origins of national and regional approaches to development. The chapters present a fascinating insight into the ideas and visions in the different locations, with the overarching categories of economic nationalism and economic liberalism and how they have influenced development outcomes.
This book will be valuable reading for advanced students and researchers of development economics, the history of economic thought and economic history.
We propose a novel machine-learning-based approach to detect bid leakage in first-price sealed-bid auctions. We extract and analyze the data on more than 1.4 million Russian procurement auctions between 2014 and 2018. As bid leakage in each particular auction is tacit, the direct classification is impossible. Instead, we reduce the problem of bid leakage detection to Positive-Unlabeled Classification. The key idea is to regard the losing participants as fair and the winners as possibly corrupted. This allows us to estimate the prior probability of bid leakage in the sample, as well as the posterior probability of bid leakage for each specific auction. We find that at least 16% of auctions are exposed to bid leakage. Bid leakage is more likely in auctions with a higher reserve price, lower number of bidders and lower price fall, and where the winning bid is received in the last hour before the deadline.
The given report is the result of implementation of the project that constitutes a component of a series of projects under the general title "Improving the Use of Economic Instruments and Water Sector in the Republic of Buryatia (lake Baikal basin)", implemented on the commission of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in support for water policy dialogue in the Republic of Buryatia with the EU Water Initiative. The analytical report contains the results of the analysis of the use of economic instruments of water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia. Implemented analysis resulted in the development of some conclusions and identification of some key directions for improving instruments of water resource management of the Republic of Buryatia for further elaboration within the framework of the project.
The main objective of OECD project was the development of recommendations aimed at improving the use of economic and other instruments for management of water resources for ensuring sustainable development of water sector, as well as socio-economic development of the Republic of Buryatia as the whole. The project consisted of three stages that resulted in the devуlopment of specific relevant reports, included in the given series of works implemented on the commission of OECD.
Proposed recommendations rather relate to improvement of water policies while the aim of the series of projects was not the development of detailed methodologies or instructions on application of specific instruments, but identification of a main direction of policy in the field of water resource management. Such methodological guidence on application and improvement of various administrative and economic instruments would be developed later, after principal political decisions on the proposed measures are made.
The given report contains the results of the analysis of instruments of water resources management (WRM) that exist in the international practices and the assessment of applicability of those potentially more efficient instruments in the Republic of Buryatia with the account of natural and institutional peculiarities of Buryatia and Russia on the whole.
Conclusions of implemented analysis would be used in the course of the development opf recommendations on improving instruments for water resource management in the Republic of Buryatia at the final stage of the series of OECD projects.
The report covers such issues as payment for water use (water intake), tariffs on water supply and sanitation services, tariffs for irrigation water, pollution charges and taxes, tradable permits and quotas, payment for ecosystem services, risk management and alternative instruments. It also characterises possibilities for rendering state support for water resources management and target funds.
The given analysys was implemented within the framework of OECD project "Improving the Use of Economic Instruments of Water Resource Management and Water Sector of the Republic of Buryatia (lake Baikal basin)" implemented in support for water policy dialogue in RB in cooperation with the EU Water Initiative.