Liberal conservatism played a vital part in the development of political thought and social life of 19th-century France. It contributed to its social and political stability as well as the regular functioning of social structures. Also, it helped to build up a consensus between conservatives and liberals, so that they could avoid the temptations of radicalism and enter an irreconcilable struggle with the spirit of revolution. Studying liberal conservatism allows re-creating the multidirectional process of shaping the French civil society and constitutional state. Works by François Guizot were part of this process and served as a theoretical foundation of the liberal conservatism.
This monograph explores the philosophical background of the French liberal conservatism by analyzing its essential terms, e. g., freedom, equality, power, sovereignty, teleology, and historiosophy, using the texts by Guizot as an example. Such reconstruction required precise contextualization of Guizot’s ideas into political practice and French intellectual culture of the first half of the 19th century.
This monograph presents the first attempt of recreating the political theory of French liberal conservatism using the works of François Guizot. It tries to reconstruct the intellectual landscape of the Second Restoration and the July Monarchy. Guizot’s political theory is ascertained as the philosophical foundation of liberal conservatism. The founding components of the doctrine of liberal conservatism, which was an important part of political dispute and public life in XIX-century France, are clarified. By studying this movement, it is possible to uncover conflicting trends in the establishment of civil society and the rule of law in France. The works of François Guizot (1787–1874) have become the theoretical foundation of this process. Philosophical grounds of the liberal conservatism are derived from analyzing the key concepts of his studies, such as liberty and equality, sovereign authority, teleology and history of philosophy.
The book is designed to historians, philosophers, experts in political thought and historians of ideas, as well as teachers and students of humanities.
Russia has not “fallen out of the history” in the 20th century. This century has been the time of a long overdue historical leap for our country: it was modernized and transformed from an agrarian and rural to an industrial and urban state. The Soviet era modernization was a “conservative”, “instrumental” one: to hammer it added a sickle, but it relied on outdated social mechanisms and conserved them, which did not facilitate the development of modern institutions of market economy and political democracy, and therefore it remained incomplete.
That is the main idea of Anatoly Vishnevsky. A well-known Russian sociologist and demographer offers his own interpretation of the lessons of the recent past, reflects on the social history of the Soviet Union as the stalled conservative modernization project, and cautions against its repetition.