The book is intended for historians, political scientists, specialists in cultural studies, graduate and undergraduate students as well as those interested in the history of South Africa.
The book considers events from the history of early Soviet translation studies. It discusses how the approach to the foreign text and the translator’s role and responsibilities were changing in theoretical and critical publications on translation during the period from the 1920s to the 1950s and 1960s. Translation concepts studied by the authors include both concepts which permitted (or even required) the translation to preserve the originality and stylistic freshness of a foreign work, and those which only acknowledged translations that had adjusted the foreign work to readers’ literary tastes and views. The authors demonstrate how, using critical articles and armed with an accumulation of theoretical models, translators engaged in a serious struggle with each other.
The story is illustrated with a detailed history of a conflict between I. A. Kashkin, who suggested the theory of realistic translation, and advocates of other views on translation, E. L. Lann and G. A. Shengeli. The polemics between Kashkin, Lann, and Shengeli in the 1950s are cited in the book, and some of the papers are published for the first time.
The book is intended for researchers studying translation, the history of literary criticism, and anyone interested in the history of Russian translation.
This monograph covers studies that aim to reconstruct the contextual history of argumentative practices in various areas of intellectual culture in Western European antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Early Modern period, including theological thought, science, scholastic philosophy, and humanistic literature. The authors discuss topics that are important for understanding European intellectual culture such as the argumentative structure of philosophical, scientific, and theological writings; communication modalities of philosophical and scientific knowledge; and genre-specific and logical-semantic features of philosophical and scientific polemics. The history of philosophical and scientific thought is presented as a series of transformations in philosophical and scientific argumentation, and as a history of the invention of new arguments and the recurrence of polemical practices. In their reconstruction of the historical and philosophical process, the authors seek to take into account multiple extra-theoretical factors (social, political, and institutional) influencing the development of philosophy and science. Concepts, theses, and ideas are analyzed in the context of their usage in the dominant forms of intellectual culture.