This work presents the results of a research of students’ academic heterogeneity in Russian universities. The purpose of this paper was to analyze the system of higher education in Russia from the perspective of universities’ academic heterogeneity (under what we mean the heterogeneity in the level of preparedness and academic performance of students in the learning process), as well as look at the perceptions of academic heterogeneity and the practices used in the cases of specific universities in relation to it in specific universities. Quantitative empirics is based on the Monitoring the quality of admission for 2011-2017 and a qualitative analysis of the cases of three Russian universities, which are characterized by a high level of heterogeneity.
This issue will be of interest both to researchers in the field of higher education, as well as to university practitioners and politicians involved in educational issues.
In the monograph the leading specialists of the Department of World Economy of the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs of the Higher School of Economics for the first time in Russian scientific literature provide comprehensive coverage of the causes and consequences of the change in the trend of global economic development — from boom to crisis to subsequent recovery — of the leading developed and developing countries, including Russia. The authors assess the extent of the decline of production, the damage to the labor market, social sphere; they analyze national and international strategies to overcome this crisis, and predict the general contours of the post-crisis economic picture of the world.
This book is intended for researchers, teachers and students of economic institutions and faculties, and also for anyone interested in the actual problems of modern world economy.
The book is a kind of information and methodological handbook on environmental and climate issues. It consists two parts. The first section provides information about the weather and out-climate change. They guide the reader to the problem of the influence climate change on our lives. The second section is special, a step-by-step description of observations of the weather, facilitating the make any human layman, do not apply tools and materials, by-hand registering processes of annual calendar cycle ("people's home» climate monitoring). The book is intended for all those interested in environmental issues and in their daily life is closely related to the nature and can constantly to observe natural phenomena. Methodical guide can be used in education, as well as on the issue of human impact on nature.
The process of climate change is observed throughout the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (CEECCA); its impacts are significant. National and international projections show annual mean temperatures will rise there through the year 2050 and beyond. CEECCA will also experience changes in precipitation (less or more depending on the area, season and time horizon), more frequent and greater weather extremes and associated impacts on human health, physical infrastructure, water supply, food security and the natural environment. National governments generally acknowledge these problems and wish to act, but in their decisions most of them miss… people. This paper presents some findings analysis of climate change impacts on society and social groups in CEECA region, experience of countries in building climate change resilient socio-economic systems, and opportunities for attraction of international climate finance.
The monograph reveals one of the Central perspectives of import substitution, which is not a simple increase in production volumes, but a reduction in the costs of both production and circulation, based on the use of advanced technologies corresponding to higher technological structures. The monograph is intended for students and postgraduates, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the possibilities of mareting as a concept of company management.