The given analytical report was prepared on the commision and by request of the European Enviromemnt Agency (EEA) and is a part of the common EEA project on the implementation of the assessment of assessments of the state of the environment in the pan-European region for presentation at the VII Ministerial "Environment for Europe" conference, Astana, Kazakhstan, 2011. The report was published within the series of reports by the EEA (Copenhagen, Denmark). It contains the assessment of environmental assessments in the Russian Federation and the country environmental profile of Russia. Special attention in the report is paid to such topics as water resources abd related ecosystems, as well as to the issues of green economy and resource efficiency in Russia.
The present edition represents the scientifically-practical comment to the Federal act «About precious metals and jewels» (further - the Law). From the moment of the introduction of the Law into force has passed more than ten years. For this period changes have been made, accepted or the subordinate legislation specifying and supplementing sphere of action of the present Law has changed. The comment is constituted taking into account last changes and additions, and also the normative acts published after an adoption of law.
Considering traditional closeness and specificity of branch, authors have considered necessary for more complete understanding of the mentioned questions to supply separate articles of the comment with the allocated blocks in which short historical digression or the information inquiry contains.
The book is relevant for undergraduate and postgraduate students, professors, research and practising lawyers and those who are interested in the theory and practice of the legislation in sphere of precious metals and jewels.
The results of a comprehensive study of the socio-economic, socio-geographical, ecological, socio-cultural and demographic processes occurring in Near North European part of Russia. The current state of urban and rural areas, the problem of the crisis of agriculture, power dynamics, natural attrition and migration, the ways of adaptation to the new socio-economic conditions of the past twenty years. The problems of business development and the role of urban summer residents in the preservation of dying villages, especially info-communication and media consumption of rural residents. The questions of biodiversity, natural and social capital of the region, the provision of ecosystem services. Possibilities of recreational use of the Trans-Volga and development of ecological tourism. The controversy over the impact of globalization on the rural economy and society, a trend towards the revival of economic and social archaism. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the situation in the area Manturovsky Kostroma region, and especially in Ugory-Leontiev rural settlement, which became the main testing ground for interdisciplinary research "Ugory project."
The book is devoted to comprehensive analysis of the greenhouse gas emission regulation systems, including international, regional and national experience in development and implementation of direct and indirect "carbon" regulation, cap-and-trade schemes, international carbon market and its mechanisms, joint implementation projects, perspectives of carbon market evolution in the future, proposals on imtroduction of low carbon development mechanisms in Russia
The publication generalizes the state of Lugansk surface waters. The first and second sections summarize information on the water bodies of Luhansk Directory Classifier water bodies of Lugansk region, reports of the "Luganskvodproekt" Catalog Institute and "Ukraine today". Sections 3-6 analyze the retrospective state of surface water quality using station and space data. The publication is intended for environmentalists and all those interested in environmental issues.