The analytical review identifies the main trends in the digitalization of supply chains and logistics in industry and trade. Methodological aspects of digital transformation of supply chains are considered. The prospects and problems of using digital technologies such as blockchain, Internet of things, augmented reality, cloud services, big data analysis and predictive analytics, robots, drones, unmanned cars, and 3D printing in logistics and supply chain management are identified. Attention is also paid to issues concerning creating digital twins, modeling, and reengineering of business processes in supply chains.
Resources are defined as submultisets of Petri net markings. Two resources are called similar if replacing one of them by another in any marking doesn't change the Petri net's behavior (modulo bisimulation). The book presents a set of equality relations induced by resource similarity and some algorithms finding similar resources in ordinary Petri nets and other formal models: nets with silent moves, high-level and nested Petri nets. The book is designed for scientists, professors and post-graduate students interested in formal models of concurrent and distributed systems.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The monograph discusses theoretical and practical approaches to economic effectiveness and efficiency of information systems (IS) estimation in Russian economy. First, the book considers modern theoretical results. Firm level empirical tests of IT and IS influence on productivity, such as estimation of computer capital impact on productivity; lagged effects of IT, complementary relations between computer, organization and human capital are of special interest.
The author tested some hypotheses on samples of Russian firms. For example, positive effect of computer capital on productivity was tested on a sample of 200 firms. Complementary relations between computer and organizational capital were investigated on some cases of Russian firms.
Theoretical advances enabled improvement of IT effectiveness estimation in practice. For this author purposes a number of new instruments such as map of organizational practice, extended matrix of change, a set of models for allocating IT costs across IT services within the firm. Existing methodologies of IT economic effectiveness and efficiency analysis are discussed as well.
Author acknowledges Michail Lugachyov, Chief of the Economic faculty IS economics department for consistent support of this research and important comments, Konstantin Zimin for access to unique set of data on IT expenses in Russian firms, Vladimir Ananyin and Pavel Alfyorov for useful discussions.