In the monograph presents trends in the development of renewable energy, the author's methodology for determining the real size of subsidies. The stereotype about the priority of preference for renewable energy is refuted. The relationship between the factors influencing investments in 215 renewable energy projects has been identified; improved the way network parity is calculated. The practice of leasing land and offshore plots for renewable energy facilities is considered. Statistics of leasing renewable energy in Europe have been formed and a methodology has been developed to determine its socio-economic efficiency. Calculations of saved lives, health expenditures related to carbon dioxide emissions, prevention of environmental damage through leasing have been carried out. The business models of leasing and financial instruments for use in renewable energy are presented.
The book is intended for scientists for research in the fields of renewable energy, environmental protection, stock market, leasing, teachers, economists, energy, environmentalists, sociologists, specialists of banks, leasing, insurance, investment companies.
The book addresses both professional researches and a wide audience of readers. Its academic approach by no means interferes with presenting fascinating topics at the junction of football and poetry histories such as the encounters of Soviet and Basque teams in 1937, the Dynamo Moscow tour to Great Britain in 1945, the confrontation between two eminent Moscow clubs, Dynamo and Spartak, in the 1930–1940s, poetically refracted.
The textbook in 2 parts
The textbook contains a course of macroeconomic theory of introductory and intermediate levels and includes a standard set of topics studied in the baccalaureate of economic universities. In an understandable way it expounds the fundamentals of macroeconomic theory and macroeconomic policy: presents the definitions of the basic concepts and terms; outlines the key formulas; provides the thorough explanation and interpretation of macroeconomic relations and of the mechanisms of macroeconomic processes. The textbook gives the comprehensive analysis of the most important macroeconomic models, including dynamic ones, which apparatus is provided in the form accessible to readers with different levels of mathematical background. The analysis of various options for macroeconomic policy includes a detailed intuitive description of the mechanisms and consequences of each policy in the closed and in the open economies, and for different time periods: short-run, medium-run and long-run. For clarity and visibility, the theoretical statements are illustrated by logical chains, diagrams, tables, numerous graphs and statistical data, most of which relate to the Russian economy. The theory is accompanied by numerical problems with solutions, explanations and comments that not only gives insight of what formulas and how are to be used for solving typical tasks, but also contributes to deeper understanding of the theoretical material.
The textbook consists of two parts. Part I includes eight chapters. Chapters 1 and 2 have an overview character; they provide an idea about the subject and the methods of macroeconomic analysis and the key macroeconomic variables. Chapters 3–8 are devoted to the theory of aggregate demand; they deal with the models of the goods and money markets and describe the consequences of macroeconomic policy in the closed economy in the short run.
Part II included nine chapters. Chapter 9 addresses the labor market in order to derive aggregate supply. Chapter 10 describes the model of aggregate demand and aggregate supply and analyzes the consequences of exogenous shocks in the short run and in the medium run. Chapters 11–13 focus on the problems of macroeconomic instability — unemployment and inflation. Chapter 14 considers the factors and models of the long-run economic growth. Chapters 15–17 contain the theory of the open economy and examine the implications of the stabilization policies in the open economy.
This book is intended for undergraduate students of economic faculties; students of non-economic specialties, studying macroeconomics; macroeconomic theory teachers; applicants of master's programs of economic universities; attendees of professional retraining courses and further training faculties, as well as for all who are interested in macroeconomic theory and macroeconomic policy.