This monograph is devoted to debates about the place of religion in modern society that have taken place among sociologists and social theorists since the end of the nineteenth century. The author focuses on the history of secularization theory, which for many years dominated the sociology of religion and proclaimed the incompatibility of religion and modern society. According to this thesis, religion is doomed to an inevitable loss of its social significance. The book details the ideas of key secularization theorists, including Talcott Parsons, Peter Berger, Bryan Wilson, Thomas Luckmann, and David Martin. It also analyzes the principles on which secularization theory was built and the criticism it has been subjected to since the late 1970s. It then surveys attempts to update the theory in the 1980s and 1990s and the reasons for the crisis of secularization theory and its gradual decline in the early 2000s. The theory of secularization developed in Soviet sociology is considered separately. This volume will be useful for researchers, students studying social theory and the sociology of religion, and all those interested in contemporary religious processes.
Rollout of psychological and educational counseling in our country is one of the key tasks in ensuring equality and accessibility of pre-school education for children from early childhood, supporting family well-being and happy life of children. Counseling for parents, especially in difficult straits, including under threat of a negative scenario of children development, relies on traditions of humanitarian pedagogic and active involvement of parents into upbringing and development of every child. Supporting parents and providing conditions for enhancing their psychological and pedagogical skills are particularly important amidst the COVID-19 pandemic and required shift to online procedures and stay-at-home orders.
The study is based on sociological surveys of pre-school education participants (heads and teachers of nursery schools as well as parents of nursery pupils) conducted within the frameworks of the Education Economics Monitoring by NRU HSE in 2020-2021 and analysis of statistic data on activities of consulting centers for parents with preschoolers, according to the evidence from inter-agency information systems of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation.
This book is intended for students in economics, sociology of education, students of training programs in educational administration (such as management and staff of universities), and researchers working on the internals of academic markets. It may also interest a wider group of readers who are concerned by problems of educational policy and the functioning of academic markets in different countries.