The coursebook encompasses the most common law areas and provides extensive communicative practice of legal vocabulary, as well as of reading, speaking and writing skills. It can be used as a supplementary material to prepare students for the International Legal English Certificate (ILEC) exam.
The textbook is specially developed by Russian authors Olimpiada Ivanova and Marina Shilovskaya to provide practice in Russian State Exam (RSE) for high school students (10th and 11th forms) and also for university students. Structure and contents The book consists of 12 units each of which provides extra practice of the vocabulary, grammar, language and exam skills needed to take the Russian State Exam (RSE) in English. Wordlist B1—C1 covers the key vocabulary of each unit. It provides transcription of the words that Russian students may find difficult and collocations that will help them broaden their vocabulary and strengthen their writing and speaking skills. Vocabulary Exercises are based on the wordlist and additional vocabulary for each unit selected by the authors of the textbook. The exercises help students better memorise and practise the vocabulary frequently tested at RSE. Reading materials have been selected and adapted with a view of RSE specifications recommended by the Federal Institute of Pedagogical Measurement of the Russian Federation (FIPI)1 and the exercises have been developed in RSE format. Speaking activities help students practise their vocabulary and grammar, improve their fluency and accuracy and teach them to express their ideas more logically and confidently. Writing part contains exercises, sample tasks and model answers that enable students to better prepare for Task 39 (writing a personal letter) and Task 40 (writing an opinion essay) of RSE in foreign languages. All the exercises in the format of RSE are indicated with abbreviation RSE in brackets.
The book prepares students and practitioners for fluent consecutive and simultaneous interpreting and translation from English into Russian and backwards in economics and business.
The book is designed for students studying foreign languages and intercultural communication, translation, linguistics and economics and other humanitarian and social spheres. Moreover, the book can be used by professionals working in linguistics, business and economics.
The book ‘18th Century Architecture in Siberia’ is the first ultimate monography about the topic. 18thcentury was very special for Siberian architecture for two reasons. Firstly, it was a period when local builders created unique style, that differs from other regional styles of Russian architecture. Secondly, many of buildings of this period had outstanding artistic value, not only on local level, but for the whole country.
The research is focused on brick churches (more then 200) built between late 17th century when the brick architecture starts in Siberia and early 18th century when the last buildings of local taste appear. Unfortunately, very few wooden churches or brick secular buildings remains in Siberia, so any relevant conclusions about their architecture seem impossible. However, the information about these buildings is included in every relevant chapter. A huge amount of data and photos is collected, specially about buildings destroyed or severely damaged during Soviet regime. Most of existing buildings were studied and photographed by the author. Some of architectural monuments will be published for the first time.