This compilation of works summarizes the research of leading Russian experts in African studies. The research concerns a wide range of problems related to historical self-identification of the Africans. Much attention is given to the forms and means of transformation of racial and ethnic relations, and various types of ethnic and political consciousness in the Tropical Africa (by examples of South Africa, Ethiopia, Burundi etc) and the African Diaspora in the USSR, Russia, USA, the United Kingdom) which developed in colonial and post-colonial ages. Various aspects of this problem are viewed in a broad context of confrontations and interactions of traditional, pseudo-traditional and modern forms of national consciousness and behavior. The book contains comprehensive analysis of theories of African nationalism (Afrocentrism, Pan-Africanism etc), which reveals the roots of intensifying racial and ethnic hostility in modern Africa and countries with an African Diaspora, and devises the means of overcoming such hostility.Addressed to a wide circle of readers, especially historians, political scientists, ethnologists, experts in cultural studies and journalists.
This book presents the results of public opinion surveys on participation in charitable activity in Russia. This includes volunteerism and donations, as well as surveys on attitudes towards issues related to interaction between the State and charity providers. These surveys were conducted by the Center for Civil Society Studies and the Non-profit Sector (State University — Higher School of Economics) within the framework of monitoring the status of civil society in Russia.The data provided characterizes the environment for the development of charitable activity in Russia, the level of the Russian people’s participation in volunteer work and charitable donations, assessments of the interaction between the State and charitable organizations, and between Russian and foreign charitable organizations. This book will be of use to social and political scientists, economists, teachers and students of the social sciences, experts, and anyone interested in the status of charitable activity and civil society development in the Russian Federation.
These collected studies are results of research on problems of medieval history of Eastern and Western Europe, realized by the Center of Medieval Studies of the Higher School of Economics. They deal with several aspects of cultural, political and religious interplay on a wide geographical horizon, from Byzantium, Caucasus and Rus’ to Scandinavia and the latin Christendom, from the early Middle Ages to the early Modern Time. Little studied, but still historically important cases and situations, like the visit of the Pope to Constantinople in 711, single objects, like the konung Sverrir’s standard, are studied in great detail along with some crucial, and long discussed historiographical hyperthemes, like the genesis of Rus’, the Christian architecture in Caucasus, the background of gothic naturalism or the anti-judean polemics. The volume concludes with the first complete and commented russian translation of the De miseria humanae conditionis, written around 1195 by the cardinal Lotario de’ Segni, the treatise to be one the milestone in the history of western religious thought and reflection on the nature of man.
The book is intended for historians, philologists, art historians, specialists in religious and cultural studies and political analysts.
This paper puts forth a comprehensive set of measures to address the current economic crisis, prevent its further aggravation and ensure sustained and ongoing development of the Russian economy. In this study we seek to adopt the viewpoint of common sense and keep free from political and ideological bias. This is why we believe the proposed solutions should be implemented by any reasonable government irrespective of its political coloration. This text presents our vision of the Russian economy and its problems.
The data book is the continuation of the series of publications on various aspects of S&T and innovation development in the Russian Federation. It presents statistical data reflecting the current state and trends in R&D and innovation. A specific chapter is devoted to international comparisons. The publication includes information of the Federal Service for State Statistics, Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Federal Service for Intellectual Property, Patents and Trademarks, CIS Statcommittee, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), European Commission, Eurostat, UNESCO, World Intellectual Property Organisation as well as results of own methodological and analytical studies of the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge.