This book presents the history of globalization as a network-based story in the context of Big History. Departing from the traditional historic discourse, in which communities, cities, and states serve as the main units of analysis, the authors instead trace the historical emergence, growth, interconnection, and merging of various types of networks that have gradually encompassed the globe. They also focus on the development of certain ideas, processes, institutions, and phenomena that spread through those networks to become truly global.
The book specifies five macro-periods in the history of globalization and comprehensively covers the first four, from roughly the 9th – 7th millennia BC to World War I. For each period, it identifies the most important network-related developments that facilitated (or even spurred on) such transitions and had the greatest impacts on the history of globalization.
By analyzing the world system's transition to new levels of complexity and connectivity, the book provides valuable insights into the course of Big History and the evolution of human societies.
The book’s main objective is developing academic writing and speaking skills, namely teaching students to write an academic paper and to prepare an oral presentation on its basis. The book is mainly intended for undergraduate and graduate students of the faculty of law of Higher School of Economics. However, it can be also used by students of other specializations due to the fact that basic principles of academic writing and presenting are universal.
“Academic English for Legal Research” is divided into two parts. The first part “Writing a paper” contains seven units, each devoted to a particular part of an academic paper (abstract, introduction, literature review etc.). The second part “Transforming a paper to an oral presentation” consists of two units devoted to PowerPoint and poster presentations, correspondingly. The book is also provided with additional materials: information about annual conference for law students organised by the department of foreign languages of Higher School of Economics, questionnaire, project title page and contents templates, and samples of projects’ chapters.
Each unit contains both theoretical information and practical exercises. The theory is presented in a concise form, so that students can use the book as a manual for paper writing and presenting. For more information students are encouraged to use additional resources, to which links are provided in every topic. The theoretical part of the book aims at dethroning traditional stereotypes and prejudices of Russian students considering academic writing in English as well as making them aware of typical mistakes that were identified during several years of teaching a variety of Academic English courses in Higher School of Economics. Such a focus on Russian students makes the book different from those published by British and American authors and helps to bridge the gap between Russian and English academic writing conventions.
Practical exercises are based on the material of academic articles from legal journals and fourth year students’ projects that were completed by law students of Higher School of Economics as a part of their final state examination in English in 2015. The tasks are aimed at recognizing and using both the academic vocabulary and structural principles of academic paper creation and presentation. The exercises comprise such tasks as identifying strong and weak sides of given samples, correcting mistakes, different matching activities, creative tasks. The last task of each unit suggests students to write a part of their own research and provides a checklist of points to consider while writing, thus, after studying the book students should be able to present a draft of their research work.
The book can be used both in class and individually. It can be suggested as an additional course book for fourth year students to help them prepare for their English examination.
The coursebook is designed for undergraduate law students specializing in the following spheres of law: Russian law, International Law, Comparative Law, whose native language is other than English. The Level of English before starting the course is supposed to be not lower than B1-B2 according to the CEFR. The book is aimed at developing academic and professional English skills. In in other words, prospective students are supposed to learn the English language used in special contexts (academic and professional). Thus, the primary objective is not to explain the system of law (either domestic or foreign), but to teach students to critically analyze the material related to it and to communicate at the university level and inside the profession, where students need to be prepared to listen to lectures in English, read academic and legal texts, produce different types of texts (paragraph, summary, essay, case brief), do research and present its result (in oral and written form).
To achieve its objectives the book puts stress on academic, professional and communicative skills. The academic component is realized through mastering critical thinking skills, search for information skills, note-taking skills, comparing and contrasting skills. The professional component is realized through case studies, reading legal texts, genre writing. In accordance with students’ academic and research needs the book is provided with specific vocabulary for Russian legal realia and activities to practice it. Communicative skills are developed through pairwork, groupwork and teamwork activities. The illustrative examples have mostly been taken from the British National Corpus and the Corpus of Contemporary American English.
The book can be used both in class and individually. It can be suggested as an additional course book for first or second year students.
The course book is intended for university students of Social Sciences with their professional needs in mind. The level of students’ language proficiency required is intermediate to upper-intermediate. The book is aimed at equipping students with language skills and sub-skills, which they are likely to need in their chosen occupations, developing critical thinking and study skills. Academic, language and professional skills are taught concurrently within a professional context, complementing and enhancing each other.
Academic inbreeding - hiring and promoting one's own graduates - is generally seen as a negative for academic quality and for universities - it is considered as unhealthy for universities as it is in the natural world. Yet it is remarkably widespread across the globe. This book is the first full scale international analysis of the phenomenon of inbreeding. Research from eight countries (including Argentina, China, Japan, Russia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain and Ukraine) where inbreeding is common examines the phenomenon from a variety of perspectives, tracking its causes: historical tradition, the lack of a national labour market, the limited number of advanced degree holders, and others. Research shows that inbred faculties are not necessarily less productive than their non-inbred peers, but that inbreeding seems to foster hierarchy and a lack of innovative ideas.
The book contains supplementary exercises in IELTS exam format to texts from Fast Track to CAE (Longman). The exercises were specifically developed for 1st year students to be used in class.
The books is designed to develop academic reading skills and for IELTS exam preparation. It contains supplementary exercises to texts from the British Course book “English for Academic Study: Reading and Writing” published by Garnet Education.
The book is designed to develop academic reading skills and prepare for the IELTS exam. It contains supplementary exercises to “The CAE Course” published by Cambridge University Press.
‘Academic Skills through Cases in American Studies’ is aimed at ESL college students at the Intermediate-high through Advanced levels of language proficiency. It is designed around eight country-specific (U.S.) cases that develop academic skills tested on international exams. The book covers major topics in the areas of academic reading, speaking and writing. Thus, the targeted learning outcome is two-fold: 1) to explore topical issues in American studies and 2) to master key academic skills. The content of the articles in each unit is selected according to the language needs of students majoring in economics, sociology, political science, and the like.
The book can be used both as a supplement to a course in American Studies or as a separate curriculum within an academic skills course.
Настоящее учебное пособие предназначено для студентов специальностей «Государственное и муниципальное управление», «Государственное управление и право», «Государственное управление и экономика», «Управление информационными ресурсами» «Управление и аналитика в государственном секторе». Пособие содержит обширный материал, необходимый для развития навыков академического чтения и письма на английском языке.
Задачей пособия является освоение академических навыков на основе специальных текстов, расширение и систематизация навыков академического письма, необходимых для написания курсовых работ и эссе на английском языке. Пособие содержит теоретический материал, примеры вополнения заданий, а также упражнения составлены на основе требований, предъявляемых к написанию научных работ на иностранном языке. В пособии предлагаются ссылки на научные сайты, аутентичные источники, включающие современные издания.
В целом пособие способствует повышению уровня иноязычной коммуникативной компетенции и направлено на формирование компетенций, необходимых для использования английского языка в учебной, научной, и профессиональной деятельности.
Материал апробирован в процессе обучения студентов НИУ ВШЭ Санкт-Петербург.
Пособие может быть использовано для аудиторной и самостоятельной работы студентов. Пособие может быть полезно как студентам первокурсникам, так и студентам старших курсов вузов, а также широкому кругу лиц, изучающих английский язык.
Для студентов и преподавателей неязыковых вузов, а также для всех желающих приобрести навыки письменной речи на английском языке.
The monograph presents results by professor Dr. A. Shalumov’s Research School of Modeling, Information Technology and Automated Systems (Russia). The program, ASONIKA, developed by the school is reviewed here regarding reliability and quality of devices for simulation of electronics and chips during harmonic and random vibration, single and multiple impacts, linear acceleration and acoustic noise, and steady-state and transient thermal effects. Calculations are done for thermal stress during changes in temperature and power in time. Calculations are done for number of cycles to fatigue failure under mechanical loads as well as under cyclic thermal effects. Simulation results for reliability analysis are taken into account. Models, software interface, and simulation examples are presented.
For engineers and scientists involved in design automation of electronics.
During the past several decades, several “highly-resourced, accelerated research universities” have been established around the world to pursue—and achieve—academic and research excellence. These institutions are entirely new, not existing universities that were reconfigured. Accelerated Universities provides case studies of eight such universities and highlights the lessons to be learned from these examples. Each of the cases is written by someone involved with leadership at the early developmental stages of each university, and provides insights that only senior executives can illustrate. Accelerated Universitiesshows that visionary leadership and generous funding combined with innovative ideas can yield impressive results in a short time. Universities aspiring to recognition among the top tier of global institutions will find this book indispensable.