This monograph is devoted to debates about the place of religion in modern society that have taken place among sociologists and social theorists since the end of the nineteenth century. The author focuses on the history of secularization theory, which for many years dominated the sociology of religion and proclaimed the incompatibility of religion and modern society. According to this thesis, religion is doomed to an inevitable loss of its social significance. The book details the ideas of key secularization theorists, including Talcott Parsons, Peter Berger, Bryan Wilson, Thomas Luckmann, and David Martin. It also analyzes the principles on which secularization theory was built and the criticism it has been subjected to since the late 1970s. It then surveys attempts to update the theory in the 1980s and 1990s and the reasons for the crisis of secularization theory and its gradual decline in the early 2000s. The theory of secularization developed in Soviet sociology is considered separately. This volume will be useful for researchers, students studying social theory and the sociology of religion, and all those interested in contemporary religious processes.
This book is intended for students in economics, sociology of education, students of training programs in educational administration (such as management and staff of universities), and researchers working on the internals of academic markets. It may also interest a wider group of readers who are concerned by problems of educational policy and the functioning of academic markets in different countries.
The book reviews the design of information systems which support corporate governance and strategic management in accordance with modern requirements arising from the trend of economic globalization, consolidation of businesses and increased competition. It describes the basic approaches, methods and models employed in informational support of corporate governance and strategic management, and the information systems used to implement these methods and models in practice.
This book is intended for managers of enterprises and organizations, employees, financial and economic services and units of information technology, and management professionals and students of economic institutions.
Performance measurement is one of the main issues in managerial decision-making. Credit ratings hold a specific place as an assessment tool. As an integral characteristic of fi nancial risks, they provide unifi cation and borrowing costs reduction as well as disclosure of an independent opinion. They can underpin regulatory actions and counterparties’ internal risk-management systems.
This monograph reveals the perception of ratings which has been established in the recent years. The focus is on studies about comparing rating scales, default probability modeling and constructing rating models, including topics on internal and external ratings for fi nancial institutions.
The book is based on research in these fi elds carried out by the author and his colleagues in the past ten years as well as on the experience in teaching master’s degree students at the Higher School of Economics and other universities. It sheds light on the contemporary trends in the research agenda and can be applied to develop a full-fledged master’s course. This book aims at a wide audience of professionals and can be practically applied by regulators and commercial banks.