The book is dedicated to problems of applying the competence-based approach in teaching a foreign language to extra-mural students of a Linguistics University. This type of education can also be successfully obtained by means of distant learning and it makes it possible to form a socially and professionally mobile (flexible) personality having the ability to develop and upgrade their professional competency by the use of modern teaching technologies. Specific features of distant learning are considered taking into account two main forms of teaching/learning process while mastering a foreign language by correspondence. Those are: tutorials at University during sessions and studying at home. An integral system of education is developed.