The volume includes 69 papers read at the International conference on computer linguistics and AI applications Dialogue 2015 which covers a wide range of theoretical and applieds research in natural language desccription, linguistic processes modelling and creating natural language applications.
Computational Linguistics and Intellectual Technologies. Papers from the Annual International Conference “Dialogue” (2014)
The 16th issue of the annual report “Computational Linguistics and Intellectual Technologies” contains the selected materials of the 23rd international conference “Dialogue”. The presented works reflect the areas of research in computational modelling and analysis of natural language that are traditionally represented at the conference.
The dissertation is devoted to one of the most pressing issues of modern literary criticism — canon formation studies. Until now, most of the scholarly investigations have focused on the anonymous sociological mechanisms of canon formation. The role of another important factor — literary criticism — has not yet been described sufficiently. By ranking writers aesthetically, the critics constructed a synchronic hierarchy that ostensibly had its summit in the person of the “head of literature” («глава литературы»). The process of competition and selection of hierarchies resulted in the emergence of the historical phenomenon understood as literary canon. The thesis explores for the first time the cultural role of Russian literary criticism of the 1830–60s in this process and in the development of the critical concept “head of literature”. Literary polemics from the period under study comprise the research material for the dissertation. This was a time when famous Russian critics V. Belinsky, A. Grigorjev and N. Chernyshevsky proclaimed writers N. Gogol A. Ostrovsky and the critic N. Dobroliubov as “heads of literature”. Since literary criticism in this way tried to guide literature and to plan its future, the concept “head of literature” is discussed as a cultural myth that was formed in the process of nation building upon the foundation of a national literature. The origins of such conception of criticism (the so called “romantische Programmatik”) go back to the ideology of German Romanticism, in particular to F. Schlegel’s ideas, the transfer of which into Russian criticism is also explored in the thesis. An exploration of the wider European context of aesthetic ideas and the historical semantics of pivotal aesthetic concepts such as “genius”, “nationality”, “artistry” has allowed to explain the sources of many of the literary polemics of the 1830–60s. The dissertation offers a new interpretation of the literary debates between Belinsky and Gogol, Belinsky and Shevyrjov (1830s), the critical discussions of A. Ostrovsky’s debut as a playwright (1850–52), and the repercussions of the early death of critic N. Dobroilubov (1861). All these polemics are regarded as a symptom of the critics’ continuous struggle for power in the literary field and for the right to construct a particular literary future. Ultimately, this interdisciplinary approach (based on the intersection of canon formation studies, history of aesthetic concepts, and the historic-functional method) gives us a new picture of the history of Russian literary criticism and literature itself, one that places them in context of the European Romantic thought.
The reports made at the 4,h Mandelstam Readings held on September 18-22,2011, comprise the best part of the book, but it also includes other articles on the life and works of Mandelstam. The first part called Mandelstam and Poland deals with interactions between the Russian poets life and Polish culture, the second part offers several studies of the poet’s biography, the third part - the Studies - is made up by articles on different aspects of Mandelstam’s textual studies and poetics. The part Reflexions includes materials on Mandelstam’s perception in the Russian cultural history. The book comprises a wide spectrum of voices and different approaches to Mandelstam, from academic ones to poetic ones. Among those who supplied their writing for this collection are Adam Pomorski, Iwona Smolka, Pyotr Mitzner, Anne Faivre-Dupegre, Sergey Vasilenko, Irena Verblovskaya, Aleksandr Zholkovsky, Marietta Chudakova, Leonid Vidgof, Vladimir Mikushevich, Leonid Katsis, Oleg Lekmanov, Natalya Gorbanevskaya, Uriy Freidin, Pavel Nerler, Lada Panova, Roman Timenchik, Boris Frezinsky, Irina Surat, Pavel Uspensky, Anna Yeskova, Natalya Petrova, Heinrich Kirschbaum etc.