The development of the ideas of argumentation in the Ancient World was closely connected with the formation of logic as a science of thinking, as well as the development of oratory. The presence of constant rhetorical practice, during which the most effective methods of persuading speech influence were developed, stimulated the development of similar ideas of argumentation in the West and in the East, despite a different understanding of anthropological perspectives in ancient and eastern philosophical traditions. Today, the teachings on argument, public speaking and proof, created in antiquity, are regarded by researchers as the beginnings of a theory of argumentation.
The detailed review of the historical features of the development of insurance, insurance of modern terminology, as well as the functions, principles and security features; We analyzed the modern types of insurance with an emphasis on the nuances of the contractual relationship, given their different classifications; given the characteristics of financial and economic bases of insurance activities; described by the tariff policy of the insurer with a slight indentation in the actuarial calculations; and also shows the types of formed insurance reserves and characteristics of the investment policy of the insurance organization. Particular attention is given to the practical side: a huge database of abstracts on topics challenges, opportunities to create business process and conduct SWOT-analysis for the insurance company, as well as the decision of cases. The content of the textbook meets the current requirements of the Federal state educational standard of higher education. For bachelors and masters students of the educational program "Economy". The textbook is of interest not only to students, but also those interested in this kind of activity as insurance.
It’s common knowledge that today’s education is becoming more open and easily accessible; consequently, it is not limited by the boundaries of countries and regions. Moreover, on-line communication allows the educational processes to transpire irrespective of the territorial boundaries: not only the number of students is growing, but also their cultural identities are becoming more diverse. Nowadays educators are facing new problems caused by different world views, specific types of educational discourse, various information processing strategies etc. This book describes the prerequisites for development in the area of cross-cultural didactics. This approach is based on research studies of differences between mentalities, ways of working with educational information, culturally-specific teaching methods and teaching techniques that determine differentiated approaches to the choice of multimedia technologies in education system. Cross-cultural multimedia didactics may be viewed as a combination of cultural, psychological and pedagogical aspects, of culture specific pedagogical discourse, unique features of ergonomic design of educational resources, cognitive and pragmatic features and specific methods and forms of teaching and, therefore, is set to become one of the most important trends in contemporary education system.
The tutorial discusses the basic concepts and problems of organization theory; various theoretical approaches to understanding the nature of the organization; types of organizational structures; internal and external factors that contribute to the optimality of a particular type; principles of the optimal structure; factors distribution of power in the organization; optimality factors of organizational communication; organizational conflicts; basic models of organizational development, explaining its criteria, sources and mechanisms. Considered in the textbook laws of functioning and development of the organization can be used in the diagnosis of real organizations. According to the latest requirements of the Federal state educational standard of higher education. For students of higher educational institutions of the administrative and economic profiles, graduate students, professors and management consultants, and human resources managers.