The book is the first attempt to reconstruct Plato’s philosophy of time in its connection with early Greek thought. Analyzing texts by ancient Greek poets, historians, rhetoricians, tragedians, and early Greek philosophers, the author traces the evolution of images and notions of time that were peculiar to the ancient Greek culture. A careful study of their genesis provides the basis for a reconstruction of Plato’s philosophy of time. The author argues that the conventional ‘time–eternity’ interpretive scheme adopted in the European philosophical tradition is inadequate for Plato’s theory and transforms it into a tripartite ‘eternity–time–instantaneousness’ scheme. Eternity characterizes the existence of the forms, while time pertains to the world of becoming. Instantaneousness is the third temporal status, proper to the receptacle, the lowest principle of Plato’s metaphysics. What distinguishes this book from other works on the subject is its emphasis on historical and conceptual analysis and a broad perspective combined with embedding Plato’s philosophy of time in the cultural context of the epoch.
The book is intended for researchers in the fields of Plato studies and metaphysics of time, philosophers and historians of philosophy, and anyone interested in ancient Greek philosophy and temporality issues.
The second section contains the texts presentedat the Round table on the issues of modern macroeconomics, which include a fundamental contribution by R.M. Entov. The almanac also features articles by N.A. Rozinskaya, D. Dear and M. Shiotanion the economic relations between the Russian Empire and the East in the late 19th – early 20th centuries, as well as an article by the Bulgarian colleagues N. Nenovsky and P. Penchev on the activities of S. Demosthenov and N. Dolinsky, Russian émigré economists in Bulgaria. The article by L.S. Grebnev, an employee of the Gosplan in the 1970s and 1980s, is dedicated to the history of the Soviet economy. E.G. Yasin shares his reflections inspired by the analysis of Grebnev’sarticle. Yu.B. Kochevrin’s article contains an original analysis of the theory and practice of the functioning of monetary system underreal socialism in the USSR. The issue concludes with a previously unpublished memoir about L.V. Kantorovich.
The almanac is designed for students and professors of economics, as well as for researchers and all interested in the history of economic thought and national economy.