The “Data Analytics and Management in Data Intensive Domains” conference (DAMDID) traditionally is planned as a multidisciplinary forum of researchers and practitioners from various domains of science and research, promoting cooperation and exchange of ideas in the area of data analysis and management in domains driven by data intensive research. Approaches to data analysis and management being developed in specific data intensive domains (DID) of X-informatics (such as X = astro, bio, chemo, geo, medicine, neuro, physics, etc.), social sciences, as well as in various branches of informatics, industry, new technologies, finance and business constitute the universe of the conference discourse. DAMDID conference was formed in 2015 as a result of transformation of the RCDL conference (“Digital libraries: advanced methods and technologies, digital collections”, http://rcdl.ru) so that the continuity with RCDL has been preserved after many years of its successful work.
We study synchronization aspects in parallel discrete event simulation (PDES) algorithms. Our analysis is based on the recently introduced model of virtual times evolution in an optimistic synchronization algorithm. This model connects synchronization aspects with the properties of the profile of the local virtual times. The main parameter of the model is a “growth rate” q = 1/(1 + b), where b is a mean rollback length. We measure the average utilization of events and the desynchronization between logical processes as functions of the parameter q. We found that there is a phase transition between an “active phase”, i.e. when the utilization of the average processing time is finite, and an “absorbing state” with zero utilization, vanishing at a critical point qc ≈ 0.136. The average desynchronization degree (i.e. the vari- ance of local virtual times) grows with the parameter q. We also investi- gate the influence of the sparse distant communications between logical processes and found that they do not change drastically the synchronization properties in the optimistic synchronization algorithm, which is the sharp contrast with the conservative algorithm . Finally, we compare our results with the existing case-study simulations.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Data Analytics and Management in Data Intensive Domains, DAMDID/RCDL 2016, held in Ershovo, Moscow, Russia, in October 2016.
The 16 revised full papers presented together with one invited talk and two keynote papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 57 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on semantic modeling in data intensive domains; knowledge and learning management; text mining; data infrastructures in astrophysics; data analysis; research infrastructures; position paper.
Data Correcting Algorithms in Combinatorial Optimization focuses on algorithmic applications of the well known polynomially solvable special cases of computationally intractable problems. The purpose of this text is to design practically efficient algorithms for solving wide classes of combinatorial optimization problems. Researches, students and engineers will benefit from new bounds and branching rules in development efficient branch-and-bound type computational algorithms. This book examines applications for solving the Traveling Salesman Problem and its variations, Maximum Weight Independent Set Problem, Different Classes of Allocation and Cluster Analysis as well as some classes of Scheduling Problems. Data Correcting Algorithms in Combinatorial Optimization introduces the data correcting approach to algorithms which provide an answer to the following questions: how to construct a bound to the original intractable problem and find which element of the corrected instance one should branch such that the total size of search tree will be minimized. The PC time needed for solving intractable problems will be adjusted with the requirements for solving real world problems.
Data Mining in Agriculture represents a comprehensive effort to provide graduate students and researchers with an analytical text on data mining techniques applied to agriculture and environmental related fields. This book presents both theoretical and practical insights with a focus on presenting the context of each data mining technique rather intuitively with ample concrete examples represented graphically and with algorithms written in MATLAB®.
Doctoral students were invited to the Doctoral Consortium held in conjunction with the main conference of ECIR 2013. The Doctoral Consortium aimed to provide a constructive setting for presentations and discussions of doctoral students’ research projects with senior researchers and other participating students. The two main goals of the Doctoral Consortium were: 1) to advise students regarding current critical issues in their research; and 2) to make students aware of the strengths and weakness of their research as viewed from different perspectives. The Doctoral Consortium was aimed for students in the middle of their thesis projects; at minimum, students ought to have formulated their research problem, theoretical framework and suggested methods, and at maximum, students ought to have just initiated data analysis. The Doctoral Consortium took place on Sunday, March 24, 2013, at the ECIR 2013 venue, and participation is by invitation only. The format was designed as follows: The doctoral students presents summaries of their work to other participating doctoral students and the senior researchers. Each presentation was followed by a plenary discussion, and individual discussion with one senior advising researcher. The discussions in the group and with the advisors were intended to help the doctoral student to reflect on and carry on with their thesis work.
The book presents a brief summary of the scientific research on deep decarbonization of 16 largest economies by 2050.
This supplementary material contains case studies presenting specific aspects of the DDPP country pathways. They illustrate and complement the cross-cutting analysis included in the 2015 DDPP synthesis report
This volume results from a conference of Russian and British scholars of ancient history. It studies crises of various kinds in the history of civil communities in the Graeco-Roman world. Some chapters concern the main lines of Greek and Roman political development: instability in the Greek cities, the adaptation of aristocrats to the democracy of Athens, empire and crisis in fourth-century Greece; in the Roman Republic the dictatorship, the tribunate, changes in institutional arrangements which had far-reaching but unforeseen consequences; also in Rome the transition from the Middle to the Late Empire.
Others focus on particular episodes where new interpretations are possible: a 'crisis of the pyramid-builders' in Egypt which Herodotus misdated by more than a millennium; two problematic episodes in the hellenistic world, concerning Caunus, and Cius and Myrlea; in the Roman world, in connection with the transition from the Republic to the Principate an examination (particularly suitable for a Russian conference) of the interpretations of Russian scholars a century ago, and, finally, the survival of Neoplatonic communities in the Late Empire.
This book seeks to “re-think democracy.” Over the past years, there has been a tendency in the global policy community and, even more widely, in the world’s media, to focus on democracy as the “gold standard” by which all things political are measured. This book re-examines democracy in Russia and in the world more generally, as idea, desired ideal, and practice. A major issue for Russia is whether the modernization of Russia might not prosper better by Russia focusing directly on modernization and not worrying too much about democracy. This book explores a wide range of aspects of this important question. It discusses how the debate is conducted in Russia; outlines how Russians contrast their own experiences, unfavourably, with the experience of China, where reform and modernization have been pursued with great success, with no concern for democracy; and concludes by assessing how the debate in Russia is likely to be resolved.
Die epochalen Umbrüche im Denken der Frühen Neuzeit waren für die Ausbildung des Weltbilds der Moderne von prägender Kraft. Die Entdeckungen und Neuorientierungen, die Europa in der Zeit zwischen 1400 und 1700 bewegten, bilden nicht nur die Vorgeschichte der Gegenwart, sondern markieren deren Beginn. Unsere moderne Zivilisation ist weitgehend ein Produkt jener epochalen Revolutionen im Welt- und Menschenbild, die mit der Frühen Neuzeit einsetzten. Die Philosophie, welche zwischen 1400 und 1700 die technischen Erfindungen, wissenschaftlichen Entdeckungen und geistigen Umbrüche in Europa teils vorantrieb, teils gedanklich verarbeitete, verstand sich nicht als empirieferne Spezialdisziplin in Konkurrenz zu anderen Fachdisziplinen, sondern als die prinzipielle Avantgarde bei der Eroberung von Neuland in allen Wissenschaften.
'Departure for Modern Europe (Aufbruch in das moderne Europa' präsentiert eine interdisziplinäre Gesamtbilanz der Erneuerungen und Neuansätze in allen Bereichen der tätigen Weltgestaltung und intellektuellen Welterfassung der Frühen Neuzeit. Das Handbuch umfasst 106 in deutscher, englischer und französischer Sprache geschriebene Beiträge, die von Experten internationalen Ranges verfasst wurden. Die Beiträge zu diesem Handbuch widmen sich den großen Erfindungen wie Buchdruck, Schießpulver und Kompass, die nach Bacon das Antlitz der neuen Zeit prägen; sie verfolgen die Strategien der Zähmung von Gewalt angesichts verheerender Religionskriege, aber auch der libertinistischen und radikalaufklärerischen Verabschiedung der alten Mächte; sie analysieren signifikante geistige Etappen der Alchemie und der Utopie; und sie rekonstruieren vor allem jene übergreifenden Tendenzen der Frühen Neuzeit, in deren gemeinsamem Fluchtpunkt unsere moderne Welt liegt: Entdeckung der Ökonomie als eines Motors gesellschaftlichen Fortschritts, Technisierung, Säkularisierung, Individualisierung, Subjektivierung, Mechanisierung, staatliche Neutralisierung, Entteleologisierung in der Ethik, wissenschaftlicher Fortschritt, Europa als Idee etc.
This book develops foresight techniques to turn future societal challenges into opportunities. The authors present foresight approaches for innovation policy and management. Future developments in fields such as education, energy, new materials, nanotechnologies are highlighted for different countries. Readers will discover tools and instruments to capture the potentials of the grand societal challenges as defined by the United Nations. This book is a valuable resource for researchers and scholars with an interest in foresight methods and gives practical hints for policy makers and managers to take account of the grand opportunities in their business and policy strategies.
Was ist das für eine Lust an der Lektüre, um derentwillen der Literaturliebhaber immer wieder zur Literatur greift? Worin bestünde für den Leser die Attraktivität der Literatur, wenn nicht eben darin, dass sie alle seine menschlichen Vermögen in Anspruch nimmt die sinnlichen genauso wie die intellektuellen, die ethischen und die ästhetischen? Ausgerechnet die klassische Wirkungsästhetik, die doch eigentlich den Leser aus seinem Schattendasein heraus- und in die Literaturtheorie hatte einführen wollen, handelt von dem Wirkungspotential des literarischen Textes, und nicht davon, wie der Leser mit allen seinen Vermögen auf dieses Wirkungspotential anspricht. In Absehung von und zugleich in Berücksichtigung der Wirkungsästhetik konkretisiert Iris Bäcker die Rede vom Leser in kulturhistorischer und literaturdidaktischer Perspektive.
Harmony and Counterpoint in J. F. Herbart’s Psychology and Aesthetics
The realist J. F. Herbart (1776‐1841), an original follower of Kant and chief opponent of German Idealism, was particularly concerned with music in his life as well as in his philosophy. Der musikalische Herbart is the conceptual reconstruction of his theoretical reflection, involving metaphysics, psychology, and aesthetics: it is by his multidisciplinary, relational approach that Herbart contributes his original philosophy of music. In contrast to Kant, he defends the possibility of scientific psychology, which he establishes upon metaphysics, mathematics, and experience. Herbart investigates tone relations applying psychological laws and mechanisms: intervals, chords, melody, consonance, dissonance, and even equal temperament are analysed as psychological products and explained through the notions of the tone line (a kind of musical a priori) and “musical thinking”. At the same time, musical thinking can be seen as a principle of aesthetical legality, since Herbart’s account of tone relations forms the core of his rigorously formalistic aesthetics of music. His concept of music finally proves to be pivotal for later tone psychology. Review: Maier, M. (2008). Die Musikforschung, 2, 164–165